中国沙漠 ›› 2006, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (2): 268-272.

• 研究简报 • 上一篇    下一篇


王繁强1, 郭大梅2   

  1. 1.陕西省气象局 气象科学研究所,陕西 西安 710015; 2.陕西省气象台, 陕西 西安 710015
  • 收稿日期:2004-11-01 修回日期:2005-01-18 出版日期:2006-03-20 发布日期:2006-03-20

Application of Uncertainty-Set Pair Analysis for Sandstorm Forecast in Northwest of China

WANG Fan-qiang1, GUO Da-mei2   

  1. 1.Shaanxi Meteorological Institute, Xian 710015, China; 2.Shaanxi Meteorological Forecasting Center, Xian 710015, China
  • Received:2004-11-01 Revised:2005-01-18 Online:2006-03-20 Published:2006-03-20

摘要: 应用集对分析(SPA)这一关于不确定性问题的数学理论和方法,基于概率统计分析,从SPA的同、异、反分析出发,用联系度公式导出解决预报中合理地使用预报因子的方法,实现预报模型因子结构的动态优化,增强模型预报机制的合理性,达到提高模型预报能力的目的。在以往对沙尘暴研究成果的基础上,以强风、热力和沙源三大影响因子为着眼点,结合2001\_2003年的沙尘暴天气个例,对沙尘暴天气进行了分类,分别选取预报因子,建立基于SPA的沙尘暴预报模型。根据数值预报产品输出结果,于2004年春季进行了短期(24 h)预报试用,结果表明,这一方法具有较好的效果。

关键词: 集对分析, 不确定性, 联系度, 沙尘暴预报

Abstract: The paper, on the basis of formation and dynamics diagnosis, has developed a synoptic concept model about sandstorms happening. According to this model, combined with the theory of the uncertainty-set pair analysis, the paper has designed the sandstorm short-range forecasting method.The forecast factors in the synoptic concept model have been selected strictly by means of the characteristics of forecasted objects, the physical significance of the forecasting factors, the experiences in forecasting sandstorm weather, and some technical ways. Generally speaking, all the selected forecast factors have better forecast abilities, but the better abilities of these factors aren't always unchanged. Sometimes, the better ability of one factor may play down. Thus, the error is generated in forecast results. Set Pair Analysis (SPA) is a systemic theory and method used in diagnosing non-authenticity. Using the theory and method, this paper makes a judgment of status and analysis of same-difference-reverse about the factors that will be used to forecast the sandstorm weather. In analyzing, the method weakens effect of those factors with badness abilities in the sandstorm forecast model, while those with better abilities in the model will contribute greatly to forecast it. As a result, optimizing the structure of factors can be realized in the forecast model. The rationality of forecast mechanism in the model can be strengthened.The applications for 24 h sandstorm forecasting in spring of 2004 interpreting and using from the numerical forecast products indicate that the method has better effect.

Key words: Set Pair Analysis (SPA), uncertainty, relation, sand storm forecasting