中国沙漠 ›› 2017, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (5): 1035-1040.DOI: 10.7522/j.issn.1000-694X.2016.00113

• 生态与经济 • 上一篇    下一篇


苗政1,2, 冯起1, 司建华1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院西北生态环境资源研究院, 甘肃 兰州 730000;
    2. 中国科学院大学, 北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2016-06-12 修回日期:2016-07-28 出版日期:2017-09-20 发布日期:2017-09-20
  • 通讯作者: 冯起(
  • 作者简介:苗政(1979-),男,陕西洋县人,博士研究生,主要从事生态经济研究。
  • 基金资助:

Ecological Water Regulation and Public Awareness in the Ejina Oasis

Miao Zheng1,2, Feng Qi1, Si Jianhua1   

  1. 1. Northwest Institute of Eco-Environment and Resources, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China;
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2016-06-12 Revised:2016-07-28 Online:2017-09-20 Published:2017-09-20

摘要: 黑河生态水量调度项目实施后,尾闾湖水面恢复并扩大,绿洲得到灌溉,气象灾害减少,土壤水分条件改善,生产力增加。随着河道通水天数的增加,地下水系统得到补充,地下水位持续下降的趋势得到初步遏制,并逐渐回升,2006年地下水位达到或接近1995年以来的历史最高值。绿洲面积增大的同时,局部地区林草覆盖度逐年提高。56.51%的受调查者对生态水量调度项目有基本认知,他们相信退化环境,像沙尘暴、森林退化和生物多样性减少将会影响他们的健康。另外,41.93%的受调查者认为环境保护和经济发展是同等重要的。此外,32.54%和19.91%的受调查者相信环境保护或者经济发展更重要。生态水量调度对农牧民生活产生了显著影响。其中,51.9%的农户认为生态水量调度对他们的生活产生负面影响。50%的农户认为他们没有得到因公益林建设而放弃耕作和放牧所对应的足够补贴。37.5%人口明确表示当补贴政策结束后继续放牧。农牧民教育水平和年龄对生态调水认可度有显著的影响。项目合理性的认可度与居民的教育水平是显著的正相关关系,环境是重要的农牧民认可度随着年龄的增加而减小,高于45岁以后,认为环境是重要的农牧民认可率显著增加。

关键词: 生态水量调度, 公众认可度, 额济纳绿洲

Abstract: After the project of ecological water regulation was carried out in the Heihe River basin, the area of rump lake enlarges and the oasis regions are irrigated. In addition, the weather disasters decrease, the soil water conditions improve, and the vegetation production grows. As the days of river with flow increase, the groundwater system is supplied, and the decreasing trend of water table is prevent and water table gradually increases. The water table in 2006 has reached to the maximum value since 1995. The area of oasis and cover of forest and grassland increase year by year. The investigation concerning the understanding of farmers and herdsmen to ecological water regulation shows that 56.61% of the responds have cognition to the project, and the responds believe that environment degeneration such as sandstorm, forest degeneration, and biodiversity reduction will affect their health. Besides, 41.39% of responds hold the opinion that environmental protection is as important as economic development. In addition, 32.54% of responds think that environmental protection is more important, while another 19.91% of responds hold an opposite opinion. Ecological water regulation significantly affects the daily life of farmers and herdsmen. Among them, 51.90% of households think that the project has a negative impact on their daily life, and 50.00% of households believe that they don not get enough subsidies during the project of giving up farming and grazing and constructing ecological forests. 37.5% of responds clearly express their opinion that they will continue grazing when the subsidies policy ends. The education and age level have an significant effect on the recognition to the project. The recognition to the rationality is positively correlated to the education level of residents. The recognition to the view that environment matters decreases with increasing ages of local residents. For those who are older than 45, their recognition to the view that environment is more important significantly increase.

Key words: ecological water regulation, public recognition, Ejina Oasis