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中国沙漠  2018, Vol. 38 Issue (1): 149-156    DOI: 10.7522/j.issn.1000-694X.2016.00129
生物与土壤     
甘肃省摩天岭北坡木本植物叶性状变异及关联
李宗杰, 田青, 宋玲玲
甘肃农业大学 林学院, 甘肃 兰州 730070
Variation and Correlation of Leaf Traits in Woody Plants in the North-facing Slope of Motianling, Gansu, China
Li Zongjie, Tian Qing, Song Lingling
College of Forestry, Gansu Agricultural University, Lanzhou 730070, China
 全文: PDF(3255 KB)  
摘要: 调查了摩天岭北坡以常绿阔叶林带与落叶阔叶混交林为主的低海拔区(700~1 500 m)和针阔叶混交林与亚高山针叶林为主的高海拔区(2 100~3 400 m)的21个木本植物群落组成,测定了104种植物的比叶面积(SLA)、叶干物质含量(LDMC)、叶片全磷含量(TPC)、叶片全氮含量(TNC)、叶片全碳含量(TCC)以及叶片厚度(LT)等6个植物功能性状。采用相关性分析对6个植物功能性状的变异和关联进行分析。结果表明:(1)SLALTTCC在高海拔区明显高于低海拔区,而LDMCTNC表现出高海拔区低于低海拔区;(2)SLA均随海拔的升高表现出降低的趋势,而LDMCLT都随海拔的升高呈现增加的趋势。低海拔区TCC和高海拔区TCC都随海拔的升高呈增加的趋势;低海拔区TNCTPC随海拔的变化与高海拔区相反,TNCTPC在低海拔区随着海拔的升高表现出增加的趋势,而在高海拔区随海拔的增加呈现降低的趋势。(3)在高、低海拔区,SLALDMCLTTCC均呈极显著的负相关关系(P<0.01),LDMCLTTCC呈极显著的正相关关系(P<0.01)。摩天岭北坡不同海拔区木本植物叶片功能性状与海拔的关系,反映了该区域木本植物的不同叶片功能性状对海拔决定的环境异质性的协同响应和适应。
关键词: 功能性状变异及关联海拔摩天岭    
Abstract: This research investigated the species composition of 21 woody plants in the low altitude area (700-1 500 m) dominated by evergreen broad-leaved forest and deciduous broad-leaved forest and the high altitude areas(2 100-3 400 m) dominated by coniferous and broad-leaved mixed forest and subalpine coniferous forest in the Motianling northern-facing slope and determined six plant functional traits such as the leaf area (SLA), leaf dry matter content (LDMC), leaf phosphorus content (TPC) and nitrogen content (TNC), carbon content (TCC) and leaf thickness (LT) for 104 species. This paper discussed variation and correlation of woody plant functional traits of Motianling North-facing slope using correlation analysis. The results showed that:(1)SLA, LT and TCC in high altitude area were significantly higher than those in low altitude area. On the contrary, LDMC and TNC were higher in the low altitude area. (2)SLA showed a decreasing trend with the increase of altitude gradient. In contrast to SLA, both LDMC and LT showed an increasing trend with the increase of altitude. TCC showed an increasing trend with the increase of altitude in high and low altitude area. And the change of TNC and TPC in the low altitude area with the altitude gradient was opposite to the high altitude area. TNC and TPC showed a decreasing trend with the increase of altitude gradient in high altitude area and showed an increasing trend with the increase of altitude in the low altitude area. (3) Whether the high altitude areas or low altitude areas, there was extremely significant negative correlation (P<0.01) between SLA and LDMC, LT and TCC. And there was very significant positive correlation (P<0.01) between LDMC and LT, TCC, too. The relationship between leaf function of woody plant traits and different altitudes on the northern slope of the ridge altitude ferris, which reflected the different leaf functional traits of woody plants in the region to the coordinated response and adaptation for environmental heterogeneity determined by elevation.
Key words: functional traits    variation and correlation    altitudinal gradient    Motianling
收稿日期: 2016-06-29 出版日期: 2018-01-20
:  Q948.1  
基金资助: 国家自然科学基金项目(31260122)
通讯作者: 田青(E-mail:tqing@gsau.edu.cn)     E-mail: tqing@gsau.edu.cn
作者简介: 李宗杰(1989-),男,甘肃会宁人,硕士研究生,主要从事水土保持与环境过程。E-mail:lzjie314@163.com
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引用本文:

李宗杰, 田青, 宋玲玲. 甘肃省摩天岭北坡木本植物叶性状变异及关联[J]. 中国沙漠, 2018, 38(1): 149-156.

Li Zongjie, Tian Qing, Song Lingling. Variation and Correlation of Leaf Traits in Woody Plants in the North-facing Slope of Motianling, Gansu, China. JOURNAL OF DESERT RESEARCH, 2018, 38(1): 149-156.

链接本文:

http://119.78.100.150/zgsm/CN/10.7522/j.issn.1000-694X.2016.00129        http://119.78.100.150/zgsm/CN/Y2018/V38/I1/149

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