中国沙漠 ›› 1981, Vol. 3 ›› Issue (2): 9-14.

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇


董光荣, 李保生, 高尚玉   

  1. 中国科学院兰州沙漠研究所
  • 收稿日期:1982-12-01 出版日期:1983-06-20 发布日期:1983-06-20

The Case Study of the Vicissitude of Mu Us Sandy Land Since the Late Pleistocene According to the Salawusu River Strata

Dong Guangrong, Li Baoshen, Gao Shangyu   

  • Received:1982-12-01 Online:1983-06-20 Published:1983-06-20

摘要: 萨拉乌苏河位于鄂尔多斯高原毛乌素沙区东南缘, 发源于陕北白子山北麓, 是无定河在内蒙巴图湾以上的上游河段(图1)。沿岸河湖相地层发育, 且含有较丰富的动物化石和古人遗迹, 早为人们所举目。

Abstract: The authers conducted field investigation and research work in the Salawusu River Area in 1978, and have divided again the strata of the Salawusu River, adding two groups, namely, Chengchuan Gronp and Dishaogouwn Group. It is suggested that the clmate was mild and wet, there were numerous rivers and lakes, animals and Plants were thrifty in the study area at the early stage of the Late Pleistocene. The climate became dry and cold and eolian sand accumulated at the later stage of the Late pleistocene; the climate became once more mild and wet at the early stage of the Holoccne, lake are marsh sediments and Heilu soil was formed. After that the climate turned to be dry and cold again and thus the semi-arid steppe landscape was formed. These changes were caused by the climatic fluctuations of the glacial age and interglacial age of the North Hemisphere. In the study, it is sugested furfher that Mu Us Sandy Land underwent a series of vicissitude processes, e. g. formation and encroachment of shifting sands, fixation and reduction of dunes. How to rehabilite the desertified land well in the study area? An attention must be paid on the following two aspects:(1) to change the current irrational human activities;(2) to inderstand and-master, further the natural environments, especially the principles of climatic changes. The writers describe in the paper that the human activities must be guided adroitly according to local environment in order to meet the needs of production and construction.