中国沙漠 ›› 2006, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (2): 317-324.

• 实验研究 • 上一篇    


张琼华1, 赵景波1,2   

  1. 1.陕西师范大学 旅游与环境学院, 陕西 西安 710062; 2.陕西师范大学西北历史环境与经济社会发展研究中心, 陕西 西安 710062
  • 收稿日期:2004-07-01 修回日期:2004-09-20 出版日期:2006-03-20 发布日期:2006-03-20

Water-use Model for Agricultural Sustainable Development in the Loess Plateau

ZHANG Qiong-hua1, ZHAO Jing-bo1,2   

  1. 1.College of Tourism and Environment, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi’an 710062, China; 2.Research Center for Historical Environment and Socio-Economic Development of Northwest China in Shaanxi Normal University, Xian 710062, China
  • Received:2004-07-01 Revised:2004-09-20 Online:2006-03-20 Published:2006-03-20

摘要: 黄土高原大部分地区处于半干旱地带,属于生态环境脆弱区。由于受水资源短缺的困扰,加之落后的粗放型生产方式得不到根本的改变,使该区农业发展严重受阻。从该区农业发展现状出发,结合国内外半干旱地区农业发展过程中的成功经验,针对黄土高原地区的农业水环境,提出了一种适合该区农业可持续发展的用水模式即黄土高原地区农业可持续发展的高效用水模式,并对其模式的可行性从水量因子、作物因子和人为因子等方面进行较为深刻的论证。

关键词: 黄土高原, 可持续发展, 用水模式

Abstract: Most part of the loess plateau locates in the semiarid area and attributes to the fragile ecosystem. Lack of water and the old traditional agriculture pattern have hindered the agricultural development in this area. This paper, based on the present conditions of this areas and combining the successful agricultural experiences at home or outside in the semiarid area, has put forward an efficient water-use model that be suitable to the sustainable development in loess plateau; and has profoundly demonstrated the models feasibility from three factors, they are water factor, crop factor and human factor.

Key words: Loess Plateau, sustainable development, water-use model