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中国沙漠  2017, Vol. 37 Issue (6): 1111-1120    DOI: 10.7522/j.issn.1000-694X.2016.00168
古气候与环境演变     
小冰期福建海岸沙丘的沉积环境
靳建辉, 李志忠
福建师范大学 地理研究所/地理科学学院/湿润亚热带生态-地理过程教育部重点实验室, 福建 福州 350007
Sedimentary Environment of Little Ice Age Recorded by A Coastal Aeolian Dune in Fujian, China
Jin Jianhui, Li Zhizhong
Institute of Geography/School of Geography Science/Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Humid Subtropical Ecosystem and Geography, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou 350007, China
 全文: PDF(6350 KB)  
摘要: 选取福建东南沿海典型海岸沙丘——东海沙丘,运用GPR(Ground Penetrating Radar)技术探测海岸沙丘内部构造,辅助天然剖面和人工探槽观测,进行系统的年代采样与OSL(Optically Stimulated Luminescence)测年,并选择物理意义明确的粒度参数作为主要环境代用指标,获得了亚热带季风区砂质海岸带典型海岸沙丘的沉积年代和沉积结构。结果表明:(1)东海沙丘是由若干灌丛沙丘组成的横向沙丘,0~6 m主要是~0.45 ka BP以来形成的海岸风成沙丘,可以划分为~0.45 ka BP和0.22~0.12 ka BP两个阶段。(2)东海沙丘沉积过程是多因素共同作用的结果,冷干的气候环境是沙丘发育的适宜条件,入境台风频率增加可能加快了风沙的沉积过程。对比历史文献资料发现,气候异常期往往与社会动荡期、重要历史事件相对应。
关键词: 海岸沙丘光释光年代学小冰期环境演变    
Abstract: Coastal aeolian dune is a typical type of aeolian landform in coastal zone of South China. The imformation of development history and paleoenvironment were well recorded in the sediment of coastal aeolian dune. The aim of this article is to understand the formation process of coastal aeolian dune and analyze the relationship between human activities and environmental evolution since Little Ice Age. In this study, a coastal aeolian dune (DH) of 0-6 m depth in Changle, Fujian, China, was selected as a research object. Optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) technique was selected to establish the chronological framework of this aeolian dune. Combined with grain-size parameters and geological radar images, the dune development history and paleoenvironment significance in the study area during the last 450 years were explored. Results are shown as follows. (1)DH dune (0-6 m) is a coastal aeolian transversal dune, which are made up of several shrub dunes since about 450 a BP. (2)The deposition rate of DH dune is affected by integrated factors, such as East Asia Summer Monsoon (rainfall) intensity, East Asia Winter Monsoon intensity. It also is significantly associated with the winter temperature, typhoon frequency and vegetation coverage. The cold-dry climate is the suitable condition of wind-sand activity. Meanwhile, the periods of climate abnormality are usually associated with social turbulence and important historical events.
Key words: coastal aeolian dune    optically stimulated luminecence chronology    Little Ice Age    environmental evolution
收稿日期: 2016-11-14 出版日期: 2017-11-20
:  P531  
基金资助: 国家自然科学基金项目(41271031,41301012);国家自然科学基金委员会-福建省人民政府促进海峡两岸科技合作联合基金项目(U1405231);福建省自然科学基金项目(2017J01460)
通讯作者: 李志忠(E-mail:lizz@fjnu.edu.cn)     E-mail: lizz@fjnu.edu.cn
作者简介: 靳建辉(1981-),男,山西陵川人,博士,讲师,主要从事海岸风沙地貌与第四纪环境演变研究。E-mail:geojjh@fjnu.edu.cn
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引用本文:

靳建辉, 李志忠. 小冰期福建海岸沙丘的沉积环境[J]. 中国沙漠, 2017, 37(6): 1111-1120.

Jin Jianhui, Li Zhizhong. Sedimentary Environment of Little Ice Age Recorded by A Coastal Aeolian Dune in Fujian, China. JOURNAL OF DESERT RESEARCH, 2017, 37(6): 1111-1120.

链接本文:

http://119.78.100.150/zgsm/CN/10.7522/j.issn.1000-694X.2016.00168        http://119.78.100.150/zgsm/CN/Y2017/V37/I6/1111

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