Please wait a minute...
img

官方微信

高级检索
中国沙漠  2018, Vol. 38 Issue (5): 999-1008    DOI: 10.7522/j.issn.1000-694X.2017.00068
古气候与环境演变     
“源汇”沉积体系主导下的现代风成相发育模式探讨:以青海湖东岸为例
陈骥1,2, 姜在兴2, 张万益1, 刘超2, 许文茂2
1. 中国地质调查局发展研究中心, 北京 100037;
2. 中国地质大学(北京), 北京 100083
Discussion on Depositional Models of Modern Aeolian Facies under The Guidance of Source-to-Sink System Theory: A case study of East Coast of Qinghai Lake
Chen Ji1,2, Jiang Zaixing2, Zhang Wanyi1, Liu Chao2, Xu Wenmao2
1. Development and Research Center of China Geological Survey, Beijing 100037, China;
2. China University of Geosciences, Beijing 100083, China
 全文: PDF 
摘要: 湖泊滨岸带风成沉积一直是湖泊沉积研究的薄弱点。占据青海湖湖盆面积近五分之一的东岸沙丘为研究现代湖泊滨岸带提供了一个现代沉积实例。随着沉积学的不断发展,研究内容已经从"一元"的传统相模式逐渐过渡为"二元"的"源-汇"体系。以野外地质考察和遥感影像资料为基础,结合文献调研和相关测试分析资料,进行分析。结果表明:团保山前发育有相对广阔的滨岸沉积,指示了青海湖湖水曾经达到山前地带。大面积的滨岸沉积和古沙丘出露水面以及风对山体的吹蚀,为湖东风砂堆积提供了物源基础。干旱-半干旱气候为沙丘的形成提供了有利的气候条件。断陷湖盆的长条形地貌使得风沿着长轴方向吹扬,造成风成堆积物在长轴的一端堆积。高大的团保山/达坂山的山前复杂地貌特征为金字塔沙丘的形成提供了有利的地形条件。西北风产生的波浪和沿岸流作用于沙岛和海晏湾的滨岸带,导致滨浅湖的砂堆积形成沿岸沙坝。随着湖平面的下降,沿岸沙坝出露水面,并逐渐闭合形成障壁岛-泻湖沉积。
关键词: 青海湖“源-汇”体系现代沉积风成沉积    
Abstract: The aeolian deposits on the lake shore have always been a weak point in the study of lacustrine sediments. According to nearly 1/5 of the Qinghai Lake Basin, the east bank sand dunes provide a modern sedimentary example for studying the aeolian sediments of the modern fault basin. With the continuous development of sedimentology, the research content has gradually changed from the traditional model of "one element" to the source sink system of "two elements". Based on field geological investigation and remote sensing image data, combined with literature investigation and analysis, the results are obtained by the analysis. The shoreline in the front zone of the Tuanbao Mountain is relatively broad, which shows the Qinghai Lake level had reached the piedmont zone. Large area of the shore deposit and aeolian deposits were eroded by the wind, which provided the source base for sand accumulation. The elongated landforms of the rift lake basin cause the wind to blow along the long axis, resulting in the accumulation of aeolian deposits at one end of the long axis. The complex geomorphic features in the front of Tuanbao/Daban mountain provide favorable topographic conditions for the formation of the pyramid dunes. Northwest wind generated waves and longshore currents on the island and Haiyan Bay coastal zone, which result in shallow lake sand accumulated along the sand dam. With the decrease of the lake level, the coastal sand bar is exposed to the surface of the water and gradually closed, forming barrier island lagoon deposits.
Key words: Qinghai Lake    source-to-sink system    modern sedimentation    aeolian deposit
收稿日期: 2017-06-29 出版日期: 2018-11-03
ZTFLH:  P931.3  
基金资助: 公益性地质调查成果集成与工作部署项目(121201004000150012);国家重大科技专项课题(2011ZX05009-002)
作者简介: 陈骥(1988-),男,浙江杭州人,博士后,主要从事矿产资源评价与石油地质综合研究。E-mail:chenji2007@foxmail.com
服务  
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章  
陈骥
姜在兴
张万益
刘超
许文茂

引用本文:

陈骥, 姜在兴, 张万益, 刘超, 许文茂. “源汇”沉积体系主导下的现代风成相发育模式探讨:以青海湖东岸为例[J]. 中国沙漠, 2018, 38(5): 999-1008.

Chen Ji, Jiang Zaixing, Zhang Wanyi, Liu Chao, Xu Wenmao. Discussion on Depositional Models of Modern Aeolian Facies under The Guidance of Source-to-Sink System Theory: A case study of East Coast of Qinghai Lake. Journal of Desert Research, 2018, 38(5): 999-1008.

链接本文:

http://www.desert.ac.cn/CN/10.7522/j.issn.1000-694X.2017.00068        http://www.desert.ac.cn/CN/Y2018/V38/I5/999

[1] Goodred Jr S L.Response of the Ganges dispersal system to climate change:a source-to-sink view since the last interstande[J].Sedimentary Geology,2003,162(1/2):83.
[2] Allen P A.From landscape into geological history[J].Nature,2008,451(7176):254-276.
[3] Somme T O,Helland-Hansen W,Martunsen O J,et al.Relationships between morphological and sedimentological parameters in source-to-sink systems:a basis for predicting semi-quantitative characteristics in subsurface system[J].Basin Research,2009,21(4):361-287.
[4] Somme T O,Jackson C A-L,Vaksdal M.Source-to-sink analysis of ancient sedimentary systems using a subsurface case study from the Mor-Trondelag area of southern Norway:part 1-desponsitional setting and fan evolution[J].Basin Research,2013,25(5):489-511.
[5] Somme T O,Jackson C A-L.Source-to-sink analysis of ancient sedimentary systems using a subsurface case study from the Mor-Trondelag area of southern Norway:part 2-sediment dispersal and forcing mechanisms[J].Basin Research,2013,25(5):512-531.
[6] Anthony E J,Julian M.Source-to-sink sediment transfers,environmental engineering and harazad mitigation in the steep Var River catchment,French Riviera,southeastern France[J].Geomorphology,1999,31(1):337-354.
[7] Moore G T.Interaction of rivers and oceans:pleistocene petroleum potential[J].AAPG Bulletin,1969,53(12):2421-2430.
[8] 林畅松,夏庆龙,施和生,等.地貌演化、源-汇过程与盆地分析[J].地学前缘,2015,22(1):9-20.
[9] Normark W R.Growth patterns of deep sea fans[J].AAPG Bulletin,1970,54(11):2170-2195.
[10] Walker R G.Deep-water sandstone facies and ancient submarine fans:models for exploration for stratigraphic traps[J].AAPG Bulletin,1978,62(6):932-966.
[11] 姜在兴,杨伟利,于雯泉,等.湖缘峡谷及其含油性[J].地学前缘,2005,12(3):186-194.
[12] 徐长贵.陆相断陷盆地源-汇时空耦合控砂原理:基本思想、概念体系及控砂模式[J].中国海上油气,2013,25(4):1-21.
[13] 吴冬,朱筱敏,刘常妮,等."源-汇"体系主导下的断陷湖盆陡坡带扇三角洲发育模式探讨:以苏丹Muglad盆地Fula凹陷为例[J].高校地质学报,2015,21(4):653-663.
[14] Lin C S,Yang H J,Liu J Y,et al.Distribution and erosion of the Paleozoic tectonic unconformities in the Tarim Basin,Northwest China:significance for the evolution of paleo-uplifts and tectonic geography during deformation[J].Journal of Asian Earth Sciences,2012,46(2):1-19.
[15] Lin C S,Yang H J,Liu J Y,et al.Paleo-structural geomorphology of the Paleozoic central uplift belt and its constraint on the development of deposition facies is the Tarim Basin[J].Science in China:Series D,2009,52:823-834.
[16] 徐叔鹰,徐德馥.青海湖东岸的风沙堆积[J].中国沙漠,1983,3(3):11-17.
[17] 张登山,王彬.青海湖中沙堤的形成及其对湖水位的影响[J].干旱区资源与环境,1991,5(1):96-102.
[18] 张登山,张佩,吴汪洋,等.青海湖东克土沙区风沙运动规律及防治对策[J].中国沙漠,2016,36(2):274-280.
[19] 宋春晖,王新民,师永民,等.青海湖现代滨岸沉积微相及其特征[J].沉积学报,1999,17(1):51-57.
[20] 宋春晖,方小敏,师永民,等.青海湖西岸风成沙丘特征及成因[J].中国沙漠,2000,20(4):443-446.
[21] 师永民,王新民,宋春晖.青海湖湖区风成沙堆积[J].沉积学报,1996,14(增刊1):234-238.
[22] 中国科学院兰州地质研究所,中国科学院水生生物研究所,中国科学院微生物研究所,等.青海湖综合考察报告[M].北京:科学出版社,1979:1-165.
[23] 青海省地质矿产局.青海省区域地质志[M].北京:地质出版社,1991:1-379.
[24] 张飞.青海湖和岱海流域水化学特征及现代化学风化作用[D].北京:中国地质大学(北京),2009.
[25] 顾延生,张旺盛,朱云海,等.祁连山东南缘基于RGMAP的数字化地貌研究[J].地球科学-中国地质大学学报,2003,28(4):395-400.
[26] 申红艳,余锦华.环青海湖地区风的气候变化特征分析[J].青海环境,2007,17(4):170-172
[27] 中国科学院兰州分院,中国科学院西部资源环境研究中心.青海湖近代环境的演化和预测[M].北京:科学出版社,1994:69-149.
[28] 姚正毅,李晓英,肖建华.青海湖滨土地沙漠化驱动机制[J].中国沙漠,2015,35(6):1429-1437.
[29] 袁宝印,陈克造,Bowler J M,等.青海湖的形成与演化趋势[J].第四纪研究,1990,10(3):233-243
[30] 屈建军,凌裕泉,张伟民,等.金字塔沙丘形成机制的初步观测与研究[J].中国沙漠,1992,12(4):20-28
[31] 江新胜,徐金沙,潘忠习.鄂尔多斯盆地白垩纪沙漠石英沙颗粒表面特征[J].沉积学报,2003,21(3):416-422.
[32] 龚政,吴驰华,伊海生,等.滇西思茅盆地景谷地区曼岗组石英颗粒表面特征及其指示意义[J].地质学报,2015,89(11):2053-2061.
[33] 袁桃,吴驰华,伊海生,等.云南思茅盆地景谷地区下白垩统曼岗组风成砂岩沉积学特征及其古气候意义[J].地质学报,2015,89(11):2062-2074.
[1] 吴方涛, 曹生奎, 曹广超, 汉光昭, 林阳阳, 成淑艳. 青海湖高寒湿地生态系统生长季CH4通量[J]. 中国沙漠, 2018, 38(5): 1078-1085.
[2] 李腾飞, 李金凤, 鲁瑞洁, 刘小槺, 陈璐. 青海湖东岸沙地风成沉积物粒度敏感组分及其古气候意义[J]. 中国沙漠, 2017, 37(5): 878-884.
[3] 曹生奎, 曹广超, 陈克龙, 冯起, 李忠勤, 张静, 汉光昭, 林阳阳. 青海湖高寒湿地生态系统CO2通量和水汽通量间的耦合关系[J]. 中国沙漠, 2016, 36(5): 1286-1295.
[4] 姚正毅, 李晓英, 肖建华. 青海湖滨土地沙漠化驱动机制[J]. 中国沙漠, 2015, 35(6): 1429-1437.
[5] 张涛, 曹广超, 曹生奎, 陈克龙, 山中雪, 张静. 2000-2012年青海湖流域NPP时空分布特征[J]. 中国沙漠, 2015, 35(4): 1072-1080.
[6] 赵超, 鲁瑞洁, 李金凤. 青海湖流域土地沙漠化及表土粒度特征[J]. 中国沙漠, 2015, 35(2): 276-283.
[7] 曹生奎, 曹广超, 陈克龙, 刘蔚, 陈志, 芦宝良, 张涛, 王记明, 张静. 青海湖高寒湿地生态系统服务价值动态[J]. 中国沙漠, 2014, 34(5): 1402-1409.
[8] 黄文敏, 伍永秋, 潘美慧, 张健枫, 杜世松. 西藏安多剖面沉积物粒度特征及环境意义[J]. 中国沙漠, 2014, 34(2): 349-357.
[9] 张金龙1, 陈 英1, 葛劲松2, 聂学敏2. 1977—2010年青海湖环湖区土地利用/覆盖变化与土地资源管理[J]. 中国沙漠, 2013, 33(4): 1256-1266.
[10] 王文玉1,2,3, 杨沈斌2, 张 强1,3, 吕开龙2, 孙翔宇2, 肖 雯2, 胡 勇2. 近50年环青海湖高寒地区和环鄱阳湖湿润地区潜在蒸散变化比较分析[J]. 中国沙漠, 2013, 33(3): 866-873.
[11] 田丽慧1, 张登山1,2, 胡梦珺3, 鲁瑞洁1. 1976—2007年青海省刚察县土地沙漠化驱动力分析[J]. 中国沙漠, 2013, 33(2): 493-500.
[12] 尚 媛1, 鲁瑞洁1, 贾飞飞1, 田丽慧1, 唐清亮2, 陈 原1, 赵 超1, 吴汪洋1. 青海湖湖东风成剖面化学元素特征及其环境指示意义[J]. 中国沙漠, 2013, 33(2): 463-469.
[13] 于禄鹏1,2,3, 赖忠平2,3, 安 萍1. 柴达木盆地中部与西南部古沙丘的光释光年代学研究[J]. 中国沙漠, 2013, 33(2): 453-462.
[14] 展秀丽1, 严 平2*. 青海湖流域防沙治沙生态效益现状评价及分析[J]. 中国沙漠, 2012, 32(6): 1773-1778.
[15] 胡梦珺, 李森, 高尚玉, 张登山. 风成沉积物粒度特征及其反映的青海湖周边近32 ka以来土地沙漠化演变过程[J]. 中国沙漠, 2012, 32(5): 1240-1247.