中国沙漠 ›› 2019, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (5): 143-154.DOI: 10.7522/j.issn.1000-694X.2018.00128

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梅诗婧1, 李陇堂1, 石磊1, 宋小龙1, 杨萍2   

  1. 1. 宁夏大学 资源环境学院, 宁夏 银川 750021;
    2. 兰州大学 资源环境学院, 甘肃 兰州 730000
  • 收稿日期:2018-09-11 修回日期:2018-10-22 出版日期:2019-09-29 发布日期:2019-09-29
  • 通讯作者: 李陇堂(
  • 作者简介:梅诗婧(1996-),女,湖北武汉人,硕士研究生,研究方向为沙漠旅游开发与规划。
  • 基金资助:

Tourism Security Risk Evaluation in Desert Scenic Area: A Case Study in Shapotou, Ningxia, China

Mei Shijing1, Li Longtang1, Shi Lei1, Song Xiaolong1, Yang Ping2   

  1. 1. School of Resources and Environment, Ningxia University, Yinchuan 750021, China;
    2. College of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, China
  • Received:2018-09-11 Revised:2018-10-22 Online:2019-09-29 Published:2019-09-29

摘要: 沙漠型景区以其资源独特性备受青睐,较高的生态旅游价值造成游客量骤增、热门项目集中等现象,但基于其脆弱的生态系统,频繁的旅游活动加剧了沙漠型景区旅游安全风险,威胁到沙漠旅游的可持续发展。鉴于此,以宁夏典型沙漠型景区沙坡头为研究对象,以2011—2016年为时间序列,构建旅游安全风险评价指标、评价模型和评价方法,研究旅游安全风险情况,将景区旅游安全风险划分为五级。结果表明:2011—2016年沙坡头景区旅游安全风险整体呈降低趋势,但存在两个旅游安全风险高值区;2016年,整体上景区旅游安全风险处于较低风险区。依据沙坡头景区不同等级风险区的划分,并基于景区实际情况提出了差异化风险调控建议。

关键词: 旅游安全风险, 沙漠旅游, 评价方法, 沙坡头

Abstract: The desert scenic spot is favored by its unique resources. The high eco-tourism value causes the phenomena such as the sudden increase of tourists and the concentration of hot items. However, because of its fragile ecosystem, frequent tourism activities aggravate the tourism safety of desert scenic areas and threat the sustainable development of desert tourism. Therefore, taking the Shapotou which is the typical desert scenic area in Ningxia as the research object, taking 2011-2016 as a time series, the paper constructs tourism security risk assessment indicators, evaluation model and evaluation method to study its tourism security risk. The tourism security risk of the scenic area is divided into five levels. The results showed that Shapotou scenic area has a low overall tourism security risk in 2011-2016, but there are still two high-value areas for tourism safety risk. In 2016, the overall tourism security risk of the scenic spot is in a lower risk area. According to the division of different levels of risk areas in Shapotou scenic area and the actual situation of the scenic spot, the paper proposes some differentiated risky control suggestions.

Key words: tourism security risk, desert tourism, evaluation methodology, Shapotou