Please wait a minute...
img

官方微信

高级检索
中国沙漠  2020, Vol. 40 Issue (4): 146-153    DOI: 10.7522/j.issn.1000-694X.2019.00097
    
干旱荒漠区土地利用方式快速转变对土壤入渗性能的影响
张润霞1,2,3(),赵学勇1(),李晶2,吕文强2,柴媛媛1,2,3,岳红琴2
1.中国科学院西北生态环境资源研究院,甘肃 兰州 730000
2.甘肃省水土保持科学研究所,甘肃 兰州 730000
3.中国科学院大学,北京 100049
Impacts of rapid land use change on soil infiltration in an arid desert area
Runxia Zhang1,2,3(),Xueyong Zhao1(),Jing Li2,Wenqiang Lv2,Yuanyuan Chai1,2,3,Hongqing Yue2
1.Northwest Institute of Eco-Environment and Resources, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China
2.Gansu Institute of Soil and Water Conservation Science, Lanzhou 730000, China
3.University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
 全文: PDF(2789 KB)   HTML
摘要:

研究不同土地利用类型下土壤入渗及其影响因素,有助于城市土地利用管理及径流调节。以快速城市化的兰州新区6种土地利用类型为例,利用圆盘入渗仪,对土壤水分入渗过程进行了实地测量,并利用主成分分析对影响因素进行研究。结果表明:城市化过程中土地利用变化使土壤砂粒和容重增加,总孔隙度和饱和含水量降低;待建地和人工林地的土壤入渗参数值均低于其他土地利用类型。土壤入渗率与有机质含量、总孔隙度、饱和含水量、粉粒含量正相关,与容重和砂粒、黏粒含量负相关。城市化过程中土地利用类型向待建地的转变改变了土壤理化性质及土壤水分入渗能力。

关键词: 快速城市化兰州新区土壤入渗干旱荒漠区    
Abstract:

Studying on soil infiltration and its influence factors in different land use types are beneficial to urban runoff regulation and land management. This research selected six land use types (e.g. natural forest, artificial forest, natural grassland, land to be constructed, cropland, abandoned land) and observed the process of soil infiltration using disc permeameter. Correlation analysis and principal component analysis were used to establish the relationship between soil infiltration and soil properties. The results showed that land use change could increase soil bulk density and sand content, while decrease total porosity and soil saturated water content during urbanization. The parameters of soil infiltration of land to be constructed and artificial forest were significant lower than those of the other land use types. Soil infiltration was positively correlated with soil organic matter, total porosity, soil saturated water content and silt content, while negatively correlated with soil bulk density, sand and clay content. The shift of the other land use types to constructed land and building area had altered soil physicochemical properties and affected soil infiltration.

Key words: rapid urbanization    Lanzhou New District    soil infiltration    arid desert area
收稿日期: 2019-08-31 出版日期: 2020-09-01
ZTFLH:  S152.7  
基金资助: 甘肃省青年科技基金项目(18JR3RA027);甘肃省水利厅水资源费项目(甘水资源发[2017]293号,[2018]225号-2);甘肃省水利厅水利科学试验研究及技术推广计划项目(甘水科外发[2016] 76号-12,[2018]70号-27,甘水建管发[2020]46号)
通讯作者: 赵学勇     E-mail: runxiazhang@163.com;zhaoxy@lzb.ac.cn
作者简介: 张润霞(1987—),女,甘肃白银人,博士研究生,工程师,主要从事干旱区土壤学和城市生态学研究。E-mail: runxiazhang@163.com
服务  
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章  
张润霞
赵学勇
李晶
吕文强
柴媛媛
岳红琴

引用本文:

张润霞,赵学勇,李晶,吕文强,柴媛媛,岳红琴. 干旱荒漠区土地利用方式快速转变对土壤入渗性能的影响[J]. 中国沙漠, 2020, 40(4): 146-153.

Runxia Zhang,Xueyong Zhao,Jing Li,Wenqiang Lv,Yuanyuan Chai,Hongqing Yue. Impacts of rapid land use change on soil infiltration in an arid desert area. Journal of Desert Research, 2020, 40(4): 146-153.

链接本文:

http://www.desert.ac.cn/CN/10.7522/j.issn.1000-694X.2019.00097        http://www.desert.ac.cn/CN/Y2020/V40/I4/146

图1  研究区地理位置
土地利用类型砂粒 /%粉粒 /%黏粒 /%容重 /(g·cm-3)有机质 /(g·kg-1)总孔隙度 /%初始土壤 含水量/%饱和含水 量/%
人工生态林L119. 89a61.61ab18.50a1.18a27.00a55.81ac17.59a49.44a
人工生态经济混交林L218.57a55.84b25.59c1.33b25.53a50.74a23.97b37.99b
自然草地L316.73a67.93a15.35a1.19a28.36a54.68ac7.03c51.95a
待建地L441.79b38.90c19.31ab1.56c15.70b43.33b7.83c27.66c
农田L518.36a59.42ab22.22bc1.08d37.30c60.15c9.38c56.72a
撂荒地L618.24a57.51ab24.24c1.22a27.78a54.81ac9.45c50.41a
表1  不同土地利用类型土壤性质
图2  不同土地利用类型下土壤入渗率随时间变化
图3  不同土地利用方式下土壤入渗参数对比L1,人工生态林;L2,人工生态经济混交林;L3,自然草地;L4,待建地;L5,农田;L6,撂荒地;不同小写字母表示类型间差异显著,P<0.05
指标有机质砂粒粉粒黏粒容重饱和含水量初始含水量总孔隙度坡度坡向
初始入渗率0.737-0.3930.498-0.279-0.6450.16-0.6200.6510.4800.480
稳定入渗率0.813*-0.4560.483-0.083-0.823*0.834*-0.2420.860*-0.101-0.101
平均入渗率0.815*0.4200.496-0.206-0.7500.813*-0.5810.7730.2660.266
60 min累积入渗量0.834*-0.4420.486-0.125-0.810*0.851*-0.4400.845*0.0380.038
表2  土壤渗透性与影响因素之间的相关系数
指标主成分
123
方差贡献率/%57.1624.3112.55
累积贡献率/%57.1681.4794.02
特征值5.82.41.3
有机质0.8910.331-0.228
砂粒-0.906-0.238-0.212
粉粒0.948-0.1490.181
黏粒-0.1370.9720.071
容重0.980-0.1400.076
饱和含水量0.9680.048-0.214
初始含水量-0.0090.4670.873
总孔隙度0.9550.207-0.121
坡度0.444-0.8020.064
坡向0.419-0.6110.537
表3  土壤渗透性影响因素主成分分析
图4  主成分分析散点图ISWC,土壤初始含水量;SSWC,土壤饱和含水量;TP,总孔隙度;L1,人工生态林;L2,人工生态经济混交林;L3,自然草地;L4,待建地;L5,农田;L6,撂荒地
1 刘目兴,聂艳,于婧.不同初始含水率下粘质土壤的入渗过程[J].生态学报,2012,32(3):871-878.
2 邵明安,王全九,黄明斌.土壤物理学[M].北京:高等教育出版社,2006.
3 Michaelides K,Lister D,Wainwright J,et al.Vegetation controls on small-scale runoff and erosion dynamics in a degrading dryland environment[J].Hydrological Processes,2009,23(11):1617-1630.
4 Ma W M,Zhang X C.Effect of Pisha sandstone on water infiltration of different soils on the Chinese Loess Plateau[J].Journal of Arid Land,2016,8(3):331-340.
5 肖庆礼,黄明斌,邵明安,等.黑河中游绿洲不同质地土壤水分的入渗与再分布[J].农业工程学报,2014,30(2):124-131.
6 彭舜磊,梁亚红,陈昌东,等.伏牛山东麓不同植被恢复类型土壤入渗性能及产流预测[J].水土保持研究,2013,20(4):29-33.
7 何丹,马东豪,张锡洲,等.土壤入渗特性的空间变异规律及其变异源[J].水科学进展,2013,24(3):340-348.
8 李雪转,樊贵盛.土壤有机质含量对土壤入渗能力及参数影响的试验研究[J].农业工程学报,2006,22(3):188-190.
9 刘贤赵,康绍忠.黄土高原沟壑区小流域土壤入渗分布规律的研究[J].吉林林学院学报,1997,13(4):203-208.
10 Zimmermann B,Elsenbeer H,De Moraes J M.The influence of land-use changes on soil hydraulic properties: implications for runoff generation[J].Forest Ecology and Management,2006,222(1):29-38.
11 张志华,桑玉强,孔玉华,等.太行山低山丘陵区坡位对土壤渗透性能影响研究[J].灌溉排水学报,2019,37(9):43-47.
12 范欣瑞,王仰仁,孙小平.农田土壤入渗不确定性组成分析[J].节水灌溉,2019(3):18-26.
13 林代杰,郑子成,张锡洲,等.不同土地利用方式下土壤入渗特征及其影响因素[J].水土保持学报,2010,24(1):33-36.
14 李建兴,何丙辉,梅雪梅,等.紫色土区坡耕地不同种植模式对土壤渗透性的影响[J].应用生态学报,2013,24(3):725-731.
15 姜娜,邵明安,雷廷武,等.黄土高原六道沟小流域坡面土壤入渗特性的空间变异研究[J].水土保持学报,2005,19(1):14-17.
16 黄元仿,周志宇,苑小勇,等.干旱荒漠区土壤有机质空间变异特征[J].生态学报,2004,24(12):2776-2781.
17 陈娟,陈林,宋乃平,等.荒漠草原不同土壤类型水分入渗特征[J].水土保持学报,2018,32(4):18-23.
18 Dadashpoor H,Azizi P,Moghadasi M.Land use change,urbanization,and change in landscape pattern in a metropolitan area[J].Science of the Total Environment,2019,655:707-719.
19 Deng J S,Wang K,Hong Y,et al.Spatio-temporal dynamics and evolution of land use change and landscape pattern in response to rapid urbanization[J].Landscape and Urban Planning,2009,92(3/4):187-198.
20 Wang M E,Jack H F,Chen W P,et al.Effects of land use intensity on the natural attenuation capacity of urban soils in Beijing,China[J].Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety,2015,117:89-95.
21 Yang H,Xiong H G,Chen X G,et al.Identifying the influence of urbanization on soil organic matter content and pH from soil magnetic characteristics[J].Journal of Arid Land,2015,7(6):820-830.
22 Yang J L,Zhang G L.Formation,characteristics and eco-environmental implications of urban soils:a review[J].Soil Science and Plant Nutrition,2015,61(Sup.1):30-46.
23 Vodyanitskii Y N.Organic matter of urban soils:a review[J].Eurasian Soil Science,2015,48(8):802-811.
24 Greinert A.The heterogeneity of urban soils in the light of their properties[J].Journal of Soils and Sediments,2015,15(8):1725-1737.
25 Zhao W Z,Xiao H L,Liu Z M,et al.Soil degradation and restoration as affected by land use change in the semiarid Bashang area,northern China[J].Catena,2005,59(2):173-186.
26 Smith P,House J I,Bustamante M,et al.Global change pressures on soils from land use and management[J].Globle Change Biology,2016,22(3):1008-1028.
27 Wang P,Zheng H F,Ren Z B,et al.Effects of urbanization,soil property and vegetation configuration on soil infiltration of urban forest in changchun,Northeast China[J].Chinese Geographical Science,2018,28(3):482-494.
28 杨倩,刘目兴,王苗苗,等.武汉市典型绿地植被类型对表层土壤入渗和持水性能的影响[J].长江流域资源与环境,2019,28(6):1324-1333.
29 牛利斌.兰州新区建设用地变化的遥感监测研究[D].兰州:兰州交通大学,2015.
30 吴凯凌,张明泉.秦王川灌区15年来地下水变化特征分析[J].节水灌溉,2011,12:63-66.
31 袁道阳,杨斌,周俊喜,等.兰州秦王川盆地形成和演化特征的初步研究[J].西北地震学报,2000,22(3):296-300.
32 苏建德.秦王川盆地地下水基本特征[J].地下水,2001,24(2):74-75.
33 许明祥,刘国彬,卜崇峰,等.圆盘入渗仪法测定不同利用方式土壤渗透性试验研究[J].农业工程学报,2002,18(4):54-58.
34 佘冬立,刘营营,俞双恩,等.不同土地利用方式下土壤水力性质对比研究[J].农业机械学报,2014,45(9):175-179, 186.
35 Lizaga I,Quijano L,Gaspar L,et al.Linking land use changes to variation in soil properties in a Mediterranean mountain agroecosystem[J].Catena,2019,172:516-527.
36 丁晓妹.甘肃省秦王川灌区土壤盐分特征变化分析[D].兰州:兰州大学,2011.
37 崔钦彬.城市土壤质地多尺度空间变异特征及对其水分性质影响研究[D].上海:上海师范大学,2018.
38 熊好琴,段金跃,王妍,等.毛乌素沙地生物结皮对水分入渗和再分配的影响[J].水土保持研究,2011,18(4):82-87.
39 魏恒,赵成义,孙栋元.塔里木河上游绿洲典型地表特征土壤水分入渗性能研究[J].冰川冻土,2010,32(4):837-843.
40 侯秀丽,付登高,阎凯,等.滇中不同植被恢复策略下土壤入渗性能及其影响因素[J].山地学报,2013,31(3):273-279.
41 Kohnke.Soil Physics[M].New York,USA:McGraw-Hill,1968.
42 Ran Q H,Hong Y Y,Chen X X,et al.Impact of soil properties on water and sediment transport:A case study at a small catchment in the Loess Plateau[J].Journal of Hydrology,2019,574:211-225.
43 丁海晶,姜姜,张金池.土壤渗透性的区域变化规律及因子分析[J].水土保持学报,2019,33(1):51-56.
44 黄德良,费良军,曾健,等.基于灰色关联法土壤水分垂直入渗影响因素研究[J].中国农学通报,2018,34(32):95-101.
[1] 马俊梅, 满多清, 李得禄, 刘有军, 郭春秀. 干旱荒漠区退耕地植被演替及土壤水分变化[J]. 中国沙漠, 2018, 38(4): 800-807.
[2] 方静, 丁永建. 干旱荒漠区沙土凝结水与微气象因子关系[J]. 中国沙漠, 2015, 35(5): 1200-1205.
[3] 张胜武, 申成磊, 石培基, 赵锐锋, 姜朋辉, 刘海猛. 兰州新区建设用地生态适宜性评价[J]. 中国沙漠, 2014, 34(5): 1434-1440.
[4] 崔耀平;王让会;刘 彤;张惠芝. 基于光谱混合分析的干旱荒漠区植被遥感信息提取研究——以古尔班通古特沙漠西缘为例[J]. 中国沙漠, 2010, 30(2): 334-341.
[5] 张 强. 极端干旱荒漠地区大气热力边界层厚度研究[J]. 中国沙漠, 2007, 27(4): 614-620.
[6] 魏兴琥, 刘金祥, 谢儒, 杨喜林. 酒泉卫星发射中心绿化植物引种试验[J]. 中国沙漠, 1997, 17(3): 322-332.