中国沙漠 ›› 2020, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (5): 209-219.DOI: 10.7522/j.issn.1000-694X.2020.00090

• • 上一篇    


王娅1(), 屈准2, 周立华3,4   

  1. 1.中国科学院西北生态环境资源研究院 沙漠与沙漠化重点实验室,甘肃 兰州 730000
    2.兰州财经大学长青学院,甘肃 兰州 730000
    3.中国科学院科技战略咨询研究院,北京 100190
    4.中国科学院大学,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2020-05-08 修回日期:2020-07-05 出版日期:2020-09-28 发布日期:2020-09-28
  • 作者简介:王娅(1987—),女,甘肃张掖人,助理研究员,博士,研究方向为生态经济与区域可持续发展、社会-生态系统与生态工程绩效。E-mail:
  • 基金资助:

The effects and timely adjustment of grazing prohibition policy a case study based on scholars perspective

Ya Wang1(), Zhun Qu2, Lihua Zhou3,4   

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Desert and Desertification,Northwest Institute of Eco-Environment and Resources,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Lanzhou 730000,China
    2.Changqing College of Lanzhou University of Finance and Economics,Lanzhou 730000,China
    3.Institutes of Science and Development,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100190,China
    4.University of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100049,China
  • Received:2020-05-08 Revised:2020-07-05 Online:2020-09-28 Published:2020-09-28



关键词: 禁牧政策, 政策情境化分析框架, 政策调控, 学者视角, 盐池


In order to explore the timely adjustment necessity and countermeasures of grazing prohibition policy what practiced in the farming-pastoral ecotone in northern China under the ecological civilization construction and green development background, we take the Yanchi County of Ningxia as a case, which is located in the transitional zone of terrain, climate and vegetation. As a wise person, planner and tester for national development policies, the scholars’ perspective was regarded as the entry point to analyze the social-ecological characteristics and policy effects in the different grazing prohibition stage, and explore the way out and regulation of the grazing prohibition policy by the structured interviews and questionnaires based on the Policy Contextual Analysis framework. The results showed that after the ban on grazing, the livelihood diversity and the behavior of migrant workers and the number of herbivorous livestock had increased significantly. The phenomenon of trespass grazing had been widespread. The problem of uncoordinated farming and animal husbandry had changed from the imbalance of grassland in the early grazing prohibition period to groundwater consumption and farming costs rising while benefits declined in current stage. The grassland coverage, grassland quality and grassland yield showed the improvement trend in the early grazing prohibition period. There was, furthermore, an obvious improvement in the intermediate stage and a significant improvement with some degradation in its current stage. The grazing prohibition policy urgently needs to moderately lift the prohibition in terms of management methods, time and space restrictions. Based on the non-equilibrium theory and polycentric governance, the multi-central grassland governance system should be created in future. The grazing fees system as the theoretically feasible solution can be tried. And the ecological compensation standard for farmers should be increased.

Key words: grazing prohibition policy, policy contextual analysis framework, policy regulation, scholars’ perspective, Yanchi