中国沙漠 ›› 2021, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (2): 231-241.DOI: 10.7522/j.issn.1000-694X.2020.00138

• • 上一篇    下一篇


王生霞1(), 王飞2   

  1. 1.中国科学院西北生态环境资源研究院 中国科学院内陆河流域生态水文重点实验室/冰冻圈科学国家重点实验室,甘肃 兰州 730000
    2.兰州财经大学,甘肃 兰州 730101
  • 收稿日期:2020-11-17 修回日期:2021-02-28 出版日期:2021-03-20 发布日期:2021-03-26
  • 作者简介:王生霞(1983—),女,河南卫辉人,博士,助理研究员,主要从事冰冻圈研究。E-mail:
  • 基金资助:

Response of oasis area to the surface runoff in Hexi inland river basin of China

Shengxia Wang1(), Fei Wang2   

  1. 1.CAS Key Laboratory of Ecohydrology of Inland River Basin / State Key Laboratory of Cryospheric Science,Northwest Institute of Eco-Environment and Resources,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Lanzhou 730000,China
    2.Lanzhou University of Finance and Economics,Lanzhou 730101,China
  • Received:2020-11-17 Revised:2021-02-28 Online:2021-03-20 Published:2021-03-26


利用NASA AVHRR NDVI 3g遥感资料计算得出河西内陆河流域植被归一化指数(Normalized Difference Vegetation Index, NDVI),将NDVI>0.20区域视为绿洲,通过计算绿洲区NDVI的变差系数和线性斜率分析1982—2013年绿洲面积变化,并进一步分析其对地表径流的响应特征。结果表明:河西内陆河流域绿洲整体呈扩张趋势,扩张区域主要在绿洲边缘区、河流两侧和尾闾;小规模斑块绿洲的破碎度呈增加趋势,连片的绿洲核心区相对稳定;绿洲面积随着出山径流变化呈现出阶段性特征,山区降水量对绿洲变化的贡献率约为地表径流贡献率的一半,冰川融水对绿洲面积变化的贡献率自东向西依次增加,绿洲区降水的贡献率则依次减少。

关键词: 河西内陆河, 绿洲动态变化, 出山径流, 绿洲区降水, 响应


This paper calculated NDVI in Hexi inland river basin by using NASA AVHRR NDVI3g data, and took the region where NDVI value is larger than 0.20 in growing period as oasis, and calculated variation coefficient and linear slope of oasis NDVI to analyze characteristics of oasis dynamic change in1982-2013 and its response to surface runoff. The results showed that oasis in the study area expanded in recent 30 years, and expansion regions were mainly concentrated in oasis fringe area, both sides and terminal of river; the fragmentation of small patch oasis increased and contiguous oasis core area was relatively stable; the contribution rate of precipitation in mountain area to oasis changes was nearly half of the surface runoff, the contribution rate of glacier melt water to oases changes increased from east to west, and the contribution rate of precipitation in oasis region decreased from east to west. The results will provide scientific understanding for analyzing the impact of glacier melt water resources on social economy in Hexi inland river basin.

Key words: Hexi inland river, oasis dynamic change, mountain runoff, oasis precipitation, response