中国沙漠 ›› 2019, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (2): 27-34.DOI: 10.7522/j.issn.1000-694X.2018.00037

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王伟伟1,2, 周立华1,3, 陈勇1, 孙燕4, 侯彩霞1,2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院西北生态环境资源研究院 沙漠与沙漠化重点实验室, 甘肃 兰州 730000;
    2. 中国科学院大学, 北京 100049;
    3. 中国科学院科技战略咨询研究院, 北京 100190;
    4. 兰州大学 资源环境学院, 甘肃 兰州 730000
  • 收稿日期:2018-01-25 修回日期:2018-04-10 发布日期:2019-04-11
  • 通讯作者: 周立华(
  • 作者简介:王伟伟(1991-),男,安徽宿州人,博士研究生,主要研究方向为生态经济与可持续发展。
  • 基金资助:

Sustainable Development Assessment of Agro-pastoral Transitional zone in North China Based on Barometer of Sustainability: A Case Study in Yanchi, Ningxia

Wang Weiwei1,2, Zhou Lihua1,3, Chen Yong1, Sun Yan4, Hou Caixia1,2   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Desert and Desertification, Northwest Institute of Eco-Environment and Resources, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China;
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
    3. Institutes of Science and Development, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China;
    4. College of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, China
  • Received:2018-01-25 Revised:2018-04-10 Published:2019-04-11

摘要: 因重要的生态屏障功能和生态系统的脆弱性,中国北方农牧交错区可持续发展是一个重要科学问题。以典型北方农牧交错区——宁夏盐池县为例,借鉴"可持续性晴雨表"理论和方法,采用熵值法确定指标权重,对盐池县的可持续发展进行定量评价,并对影响可持续发展的因素进行了分析。结果表明:(1)1990-2015年盐池县区域发展成就显著,人类福利指数保持持续增长的趋势,但生态系统福利指数稳定增长则始于2005年禁牧等生态政策的生态效益显现以后。(2)改善教育等公共服务水平、优化产业结构可以进一步提高人类福利,经济发展可以直接改善人类福利,经济发展的成果也可以通过生态政策加大对生态环境的投入从而改善生态系统福利。在此基础上提出了盐池县可持续发展的建议。

关键词: 可持续性晴雨表, 福利评估, 可持续性评价, 盐池县, 农牧交错区

Abstract: Sustainable development of the agro-pastoral transitional zone in northern China is an important scientific problem for its important ecological barrier function and the vulnerability of the ecosystem. In this paper, Yanchi, Ningxia was taken as a typical case area of agro-pastoral transitional zone in North China. We Use the theory and method of "barometer of sustainable" to assess sustainable development of Yanchi County, and the entropy method was used to determine the index weight,then the factors that affect the sustainable development were analyzed. The results showed that:(1)The achievements of regional development in Yanchi were remarkable and the human welfare index continued growing in the 1990-2015, but the ecological welfare index did not stably row until 2005 when the ecological benefits of grazing ecological policy displayed. (2) The improvement of the level of public services such as medical and education and the optimization of the industrial structure could further improve the welfare of human beings, moreover economic development could directly improve the welfare of human beings, and the results of development could also increase the investment in the ecological environment through ecological policies.Suggestions for sustainable development of Yanchi County were put forward.

Key words: barometer of sustainable, welfare assessment, sustainability assessment, Yanchi County, agro-pastoral transitional zone