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中国沙漠  2019, Vol. 39 Issue (3): 136-144    DOI: 10.7522/j.issn.1000-694X.2018.00148
    
气候变化下蒙古沙拐枣(Calligonum mongolicum)适宜生境预测
朱妮
安康学院 旅游与资源环境学院/安康市汉江水资源保护与利用工程技术研究中心, 陕西 安康 725000
Predicting the Geographic Distribution of Calligonum mongolicum under Climate Change
Zhu Ni
School of Tourism and Environment/Engineering Technology Research Center for Water Resource Protection and Utilization of Hanjiang River, Ankang University, Ankang 725000, Shaanxi, China
 全文: PDF(6613 KB)  
摘要: 蒙古沙拐枣(Calligonum mongolicum) 是中国干旱、荒漠地区主要的防风固沙植物,预测该气候变化对其地理分布范围的影响,对中国荒漠化防治工作具有指导意义。采用获得的蒙古沙拐枣108个种群分布数据和22个气候环境因子数据,利用最大熵(MaxEnt)模型软件预测蒙古沙拐枣在当前、2041—2060年及2061—2080年在中国干旱区的潜在地理分布,探究气候变化对该物种分布的可能影响。结果表明:(1)影响蒙古沙拐枣分布的主要气候环境因子为年降水量、年平均气温、气温年较差、最干季降雨量以及海拔;(2)目前,蒙古沙拐枣的适宜生境面积约为5.4×105 km2,高适宜生境为7×104 km2,主要分布在新疆塔里木盆地、准噶尔盆地边缘地带、甘肃河西走廊及其周边、腾格里沙漠;(3)在未来气候变化的情景下,蒙古沙拐枣的适宜生境范围大幅增加,适宜生境向高纬度地区移动,高适宜生境集中分布于甘肃河西走廊以及腾格里沙漠地区,且呈带状分布。
关键词: 蒙古沙拐枣(Calligonum mongolicum)物种分布适宜生境MaxEnt    
Abstract: Calligonum mongolicum is an important windbreak and sand fixing plant in arid and desert areas of China.Revealing the spatial distribution of this species and understanding the potential impacts of climate warming on its future distribution are critical for desertification control in China. In this study, the potential geographic distribution of C.mongolicum in current, 2041-2060 and 2061-2080 was simulated using MaxEntsoftware based on species presence data and 22 environmental variables. The results showed that: (1) the main climatic and environmental factors affecting the distribution of C.mongolicum are annual precipitation, annual mean air temperature,temperature annual range,temperature annual range and altitude; (2) at present, the suitable habitat area of C.mongolicum is about 5.4×105 km2, the high suitable habitat is 7×104 km2, mainly distributed in the Tarim Basin, the edge zone of the Junggar basinin Xinjiang;The Hexi Corridor and its surrounding, and the Tengger Desert in Gansu Province;(3) in the future climate change, the suitable habitat of the C.mongolicum is greatly increased, and the suitable habitat is moved to the high latitudes.The high suitable habitat centralized distributionin the Hexi Corridor of Gansu and the Tengger Desert.
Key words: Calligonum mongolicum    species distribution    suitable habitat    MaxEnt
收稿日期: 2018-05-25 出版日期: 2019-06-10
:  Q948  
基金资助: 陕西省教育厅自然科学专项研究计划项目(18JK0016);安康学院校级大学生创新创业训练计划项目(2018akxy015)
作者简介: 朱妮(1987-),女,陕西渭南人,讲师,主要从事空间数据建模分析与低碳研究。E-mail:zhuni822611@163.com
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引用本文:

朱妮. 气候变化下蒙古沙拐枣(Calligonum mongolicum)适宜生境预测[J]. 中国沙漠, 2019, 39(3): 136-144.

Zhu Ni. Predicting the Geographic Distribution of Calligonum mongolicum under Climate Change. Journal of Desert Research, 2019, 39(3): 136-144.

链接本文:

http://www.desert.ac.cn/CN/10.7522/j.issn.1000-694X.2018.00148        http://www.desert.ac.cn/CN/Y2019/V39/I3/136

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