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中国沙漠  2018, Vol. 38 Issue (2): 270-277    DOI: 10.7522/j.issn.1000-694X.2016.00150
沙漠与沙漠化     
积尘对光伏电站发电功率的影响研究综述
崔永琴1,2, 冯起2, 孙家欢2, 李芳2, 肖建华2
1. 山西财经大学 环境经济学院, 山西 太原 030000;
2. 中国科学院西北生态环境资源研究院, 甘肃 兰州 730000
Review on the Impact of Dust Accumulation on Photovoltaic Power Output
Cui Yongqin1,2, Feng Qi2, Sun Jiahuan2, Li Fang2, Xiao Jianhua2
1. School of Environmental Economics, Shanxi University of Finance and Economics, Taiyuan 030000, China;
2. Northwest Institute of Eco-Environment and Resources, Chinese Academy Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China
 全文: PDF(2245 KB)  
摘要: 概述了积尘对光伏电站发电功率的影响,提出积尘通过影响辐照度、温度来影响短路电流、开路电压和最大功率(包含最大电流和最大电压),并分析了降尘量、降雨量、降雨强度和频率、风速和风向、湿度、地表植被与空气污染、光伏组件表面封存材料的材质、光伏组件放置的倾角和方位角等因素对光伏组件积尘的影响。最后提出:(1)从微观角度深入研究各种因素对光伏组件积尘的影响;(2)加强研究空气质量、气候特点与光伏组件积尘的关系;(3)建立光伏组件发电数据和积尘状况长期远程监测系统;(4)就积尘对光伏组件功率的影响进行专项评估,并考虑清洁积尘系统的设计。
关键词: 积尘光伏组件发电功率机理影响    
Abstract: This paper summarized the impact of photovoltaic (PV) power output by dust accumulation, dust cumulated on PV modules caused a significant decrease of power output, and analyzed the effects of dust capacity, the amount of rainfall, rainfall intensity and rain frequency, wind velocity and wind direction, humidity, vegetation, air pollution, the material of PV module surface and the inclination, azimuth angle of PV modules on dust accumulation. Finally, some suggestions were presented:(1) to study how various factors affect the dust accumulation on photovoltaic module from the microscopic point of view; (2) to study the relationship between environmental air quality, climate characteristics and dust accumulation on PV modules; (3) to establish long-term and remote monitoring system of power output and dust accumulation; (4) to assess the impact of dust accumulation on PV power output, and design dust cleaning system.
Key words: dust accumulation    photovoltaic module    power output    mechanism    impact
收稿日期: 2016-09-09 出版日期: 2018-03-20
ZTFLH:  TM615  
基金资助: 中国博士后科学基金面上项目(2015M572622);国家自然科学基金项目(41371102)
作者简介: 崔永琴(1986-),女,山西长治人,博士后,主要从事光伏电站植被恢复研究。E-mail:echofeng2001@163.com
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引用本文:

崔永琴, 冯起, 孙家欢, 李芳, 肖建华. 积尘对光伏电站发电功率的影响研究综述[J]. 中国沙漠, 2018, 38(2): 270-277.

Cui Yongqin, Feng Qi, Sun Jiahuan, Li Fang, Xiao Jianhua. Review on the Impact of Dust Accumulation on Photovoltaic Power Output. JOURNAL OF DESERT RESEARCH, 2018, 38(2): 270-277.

链接本文:

http://www.desert.ac.cn/CN/10.7522/j.issn.1000-694X.2016.00150        http://www.desert.ac.cn/CN/Y2018/V38/I2/270

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