Please wait a minute...
img

官方微信

高级检索
中国沙漠  2020, Vol. 40 Issue (2): 109-117    DOI: 10.7522/j.issn.1000-694X.2020.00004
    
毛乌素沙地东南缘全新世气候不稳定性
李想1, 苏志珠2, 马义娟3, 张彩霞4, 柳苗苗1
1. 山西大学 环境与资源学院, 山西 太原 030006;
2. 山西大学 历史文化学院, 山西 太原 030006;
3. 太原师范学院 地理科学学院, 山西 晋中 030619;
4. 中国科学院西北生态环境资源研究院 沙漠与沙漠化重点实验室, 甘肃 兰州 730000
Holocene climatic instability record in the southeastern margin of Mu Us Desert
Li Xiang1, Su Zhizhu2, Ma Yijuan3, Zhang Caixia4, Liu Miaomiao1
1. College of Environment and Resources, Shanxi University, Taiyuan 030006, China;
2. Historical Culture School, Shanxi University, Taiyuan 030006, China;
3. College of Geography Science, Taiyuan Normal University, Jinzhong 030619, Shanxi, China;
4. Key Laboratory of Desert and Desertification, Northwest Institute of Eco-Environment and Resources, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China
 全文: PDF(3041 KB)  
摘要: 毛乌素沙地处于中国季风区的西北边缘,对气候变化敏感,是古气候演化和古环境变迁研究的理想场所。全新世气温回暖期,气候整体稳定但存在暖湿冷干的次级波动,不同类型沉积相组成的地层序列记录了全新世千年、百年尺度的气候不稳定性。对毛乌素沙地不同沉积序列的研究表明:(1)毛乌素沙地东南缘的沙漠/黄土边界带DLT、NB剖面粒度及Rb/Sr比值可作为气候变化的代用指标。>63 μm砂含量增加,Rb/Sr比值降低,揭示东亚冬季风增强,风成砂堆积,风沙活动加剧,气候干冷;反之,东亚夏季风增强,降水增多,风化成壤程度加大,气候暖湿。(2)毛乌素沙地东南缘沙漠/黄土边界带及低洼沟谷区年代概率密度函数的分析显示,全新世早期~8\^5 ka BP风成砂堆积,风沙活动加剧,气候表现为干冷;全新世中期8\^5 ka~3\^0 ka BP地势较高处古土壤广泛发育,地势低洼处发育湖沼相/泥炭层,但在6.0 ka BP左右存在气候转冷过程;全新世晚期3\^0 ka BP以来气候波动频繁。(3)毛乌素沙地气候变化与北大西洋冰筏冷事件、董哥洞石笋、季风边缘区湖泊、东部沙地等记录具有可对比性和相对一致性,反映出全新世千年和百年尺度上的气候变化主要受全球变化的影响,这对预测和模拟未来气候变化具有借鉴意义。
关键词: 概率密度全新世毛乌素沙地气候变化年代数据概率密度全新世毛乌素沙地    
Abstract: Since Holocene, the temperature has risen and the climate is generally stable, but there are still climate fluctuations. Located in the northwestern edge of the East Asian monsoon, Mu Us Desert stratigraphic sedimentary sequence reveals the climatic instability on the millennium and centennial scales in Holocene. The result shows: (1)The grain and Rb/Sr ratio of DLT and NB section in the desert/loess boundary zone can be used as climate and environment index. The increase of >63 μm sand content and the decrease of Rb/Sr ratio revealed the east Asian winter monsoon enhanced, aeolian sand accumulated, aeolian sand activity intensified and the climate was cold and dry. Controversially, the east Asian summer monsoon strengthened, precipitation increased, pedogenesis strengthened, and the climate was warm and humid. (2)The analysis of the age probability density of the desert/loess boundary zone and low-lying valley in the southeast margin of the Mu Us Desert indicated that the aeolian sand accumulated at -8.5 ka BP in the early Holocene, aeolian sand activity intensified and the climate was cold and dry. In the middle of Holocene, the paleosol strata were widely developed between 8.5 ka and 3.0 ka BP in the highland, and the lacustrine/peat layers were generally deposited in the low-lying areas. While there were sedimentary interruption near 6.0 ka BP and the climate turned cold. After 3.0 ka BP, climate fluctuated frequently in the late Holocene. (3)The climate change in Mu Us Desert is consistent with the records of ice-raft cold events in the North Atlantic, Dongge Cave stalagmite, lakes and eastern sandy land in the monsoon marginal areas in China. The millennium/centennial scale climate change in Mu Us Desert during Holocene is influenced by the global and regional climate change, which is significance for predicting climate change.
Key words: chronological data    probability density    Holocene    the Mu Us Desert    climate change    chronological data    probability density    Holocene    the Mu Us Desert
收稿日期: 2019-12-11 出版日期: 2020-04-26
ZTFLH:  P531  
基金资助: 国家自然科学基金重点项目(41330748);国家重点研发计划项目第5课题(2016 YFC0500805);山西省研究生创新项目(2019SY025)
通讯作者: 苏志珠(E-mail:suzhizhu@163.com)     E-mail: suzhizhu@163.com
作者简介: 李想(1994-),女,山西孝义人,硕士研究生,主要研究方向为干旱区地貌与环境演化。E-mail:mzlx1994@163.com
服务  
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章  
柳苗苗
李想
苏志珠
马义娟
张彩霞
柳苗苗

引用本文:

李想, 苏志珠, 马义娟, 张彩霞, 柳苗苗. 毛乌素沙地东南缘全新世气候不稳定性[J]. 中国沙漠, 2020, 40(2): 109-117.

Li Xiang, Su Zhizhu, Ma Yijuan, Zhang Caixia, Liu Miaomiao. Holocene climatic instability record in the southeastern margin of Mu Us Desert. Journal of Desert Research, 2020, 40(2): 109-117.

链接本文:

http://www.desert.ac.cn/CN/10.7522/j.issn.1000-694X.2020.00004        http://www.desert.ac.cn/CN/Y2020/V40/I2/109

[1] 王绍武.全新世大暖期[J].气候变化研究进展,2011,7(5):383-384.
[2] Bond G,Showers W,Cheseby M,et al.A pervasive millennial-scale cycle in North Atlantic Holocene and glacial climates[J].Science,1997,278(21):1257-1263.
[3] Rasmussen S O,Vinther B M,Clausen H B,et al.Early Holocene climate oscillations recorded in three Greenland ice cores[J].Quaternary Science Reviews,2007,26(3):1907-1914.
[4] Chen F H,Xu Q H,Chen J H,et al.East Asian summer monsoon precipitation variability since the last deglaciation[J].Scientific Reports,2015,5:11186.
[5] Lu H Y,Miao X D,Zhou Y L,et al.Late Quaternary aeolian activity in the Mu Us and Otindag dune fields (north China) and lagged response to insolation forcing[J].Geophysical Research Letters,2005,32(21):L21716.
[6] Sirocko F,Garbe-Schonberg D,McIntyre A,et al.Teleconnections between the subtropical monsoon and high-latitudem climates during the last deglaciation[J].Science,1996,272(26):526-529.
[7] 庞奖励,黄春长,张占平.陕西岐山黄土剖面Rb、Sr组成与高分辨率气候变化[J].沉积学报,2001,19(4):637-641.
[8] 刘冰,靳鹤龄,孙忠.中晚全新世科尔沁沙地演化与气候变化[J].中国沙漠,2013,33(1):77-86.
[9] 牛东风,李保生,王丰年,等.微量元素记录的毛乌素沙漠全新世气候波动:以萨拉乌苏河流域DGS1层段为例[J].沉积学报,2015,33(4):735-743.
[10] 王丰年,李保生,王江龙,等.萨拉乌苏河流域MGS2层段粒度与CaCO3记录的千年尺度气候变化[J].地理科学,2012,32(5):596-602.
[11] 许清海,肖举乐,中村俊夫,等.孢粉资料定量重建全新世以来岱海盆地的古气候[J].海洋地质与第四纪地质,2003,23(4):99-108.
[12] Xiao J L,Xu Q H,Nakamura T,et al.Holocene vegetation variation in the Daihai Lake region of north-central China:a direct indication of the Asian monsoon climatic history[J].Quaternary Science Reviews,2004,23(14):1669-1679.
[13] Wang Y J,Li X D,Cheng H,et al.The Holocene Asian monsoon:Links to solar changes and North Atlantic climate[J].Science,2005,308(5723):854-857.
[14] Dykoski C A,Edwards R L,Cheng H,et al.A high-resolution,absolute-dated Holocene and deglacial Asian monsoon record from Dongge Cave,China[J].Earth and Planetary Science Letters,2005,233:71-86.
[15] 陈发虎,朱艳,李吉均,等.民勤盆地湖泊沉积记录的全新世千百年尺度夏季风快速变化[J].科学通报,2001,46(17):1414-1419.
[16] 陈发虎,黄小忠,杨美临,等.亚洲中部干旱区全新世气候变化的西风模式:以新疆博斯腾湖记录为例[J].第四纪研究,2006,26(6):881-887.
[17] 段克勤,姚檀栋,王宁练,等.青藏高原中部全新世气候不稳定性的高分辨率冰芯记录[J].中国科学(D辑:地球科学),2012,42(9):1441-1449.
[18] 董光荣,王贵勇,李孝泽,等.末次间冰期以来我国东部沙区的古季风变迁[J].中国科学(D辑:地球科学),1996,26(5):437-444.
[19] 靳鹤龄,董光荣,苏志珠,等.全新世沙漠-黄土边界带空间格局的重建[J].科学通报,2001,46(7):538-543.
[20] Li B S,David D Z,Jin H L,et al.Paleo-monsoon activities of Mu Us Desert,China since 150 ka BP:a study of the stratigraphic sequences of the Milanggouwan Section,Salawusu River area[J].Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology,2000,162:1-16.
[21] Wen X H,Li B S,Zheng Y M,et al.Early Holocene multi-centennial moisture change reconstructed from lithology,grain-size and chemical composition data in the eastern Mu Us desert and potential driving forces[J].Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology,2016,459:440-452.
[22] Zhou W J,Donahue D J,Porter S C,et al.Variability of monsoon climate in East Asia at the end of the last glaciation[J].Quaternary Research,1996,46(3):219-229.
[23] Zhou W J,Dodson J,Head M J,et al.Environmental variability within the Chinese desert-loess transition zone over the last 20 000 years[J].Holocene,2002,12(1):107-112.
[24] Li S H,Chen Y Y,Li B,et al.OSL dating of sediments from deserts in northern China[J].Quaternary Geochronology,2007,2(1):23-28.
[25] Mason J A,Lu H Y,Zhou Y L,et al.Dune mobility and aridity at the desert margin of northern China at a time of peak monsoon strength[J].Geology,2009,37(10):947-950.
[26] Jia F F,Lu R J,Gao S Y,et al.Holocene aeolian activities in the southeastern Mu Us Desert,China[J].Aeolian Research,2015:267-274.
[27] 牛东风,李保生,魏建国,等.萨拉乌苏河流域MGS1Rb和Sr记录的全新世千年尺度气候变化[J].地球化学,2016,45(2):155-163.
[28] 赵琦,樊荣,李保生,等.内蒙古萨拉乌苏河流域滴哨沟湾全新世早-中期湖相沉积的地球化学古气候响应[J].海洋地质与第四纪地质,2013,33(4):103-112.
[29] Singhvi A K,Bluszcz A,Bateman M D,et al.Luminescence dating of loess-palaeosol sequences and coversands:methodological aspects and palaeoclimatic implications[J].Earth Science Reviews,2001,54:193-211.
[30] 柳苗苗.盛冰期以来毛乌素沙地风沙活动与气候变化研究[D].太原:山西大学,2018.
[31] 鹿化煜,安芷生.黄土高原黄土粒度组成的古气候意义[J].中国科学(D辑:地球科学),1998,28(3):278-283.
[32] Lu H Y,Zhao C F,Mason J,et al.Holocene climatic changes revealed by Aeolian deposits from the Qinghai Lake area(northeastern Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau) and possible forcing mechanisms[J].The Holocene,2011,21(2):297-304.
[33] 强明瑞,陈发虎,周爱锋,等.苏干湖沉积物粒度组成记录尘暴事件的初步研究[J].第四纪研究,2006,26(6):915-922.
[34] 刘冰,靳鹤龄,孙忠,等.全新世共和盆地沙地时空演化及其驱动机制[J].中国沙漠,2014,34(4):982-991.
[35] 蒋复初,王书兵,傅建利,等.鄂尔多斯高原距今 15 ka以来环境演化[J].地质力学学报,2014,20(2):165-173.
[36] 靳鹤龄,李明启,苏志珠,等.220 ka BP来萨拉乌苏河流域地质剖面地球化学特征及其对全球气候变化的响应[J].冰川冻土,2005,27(6):861-868.
[37] 陈渭南,高尚玉,孙忠.毛乌素沙地全新世地层化学元素特点及其古气候意义[J].中国沙漠,1994,14(1):22-30.
[38] 陈骏,安芷生,汪永进,等.最近800 ka洛川黄土剖面中Rb/Sr分布和古季风变迁[J].中国科学(D辑:地球科学),1998,28(6):498-504.
[39] 沈吉,汪勇,羊向东,等.湖泊沉积记录的区域风沙特征及湖泊演化历史:以陕西红碱淖湖泊为例[J].科学通报,2006,51(1):87-92.
[40] 施雅风,孔昭宸,王苏民,等.中国全新世大暖期的气候波动与重要事件[J].中国科学(B 辑),1992,22(12):1300-1308.
[41] 王丰年,李保生,牛东风,等.毛乌素沙漠东南缘DGS1层段CaCO3记录的全新世气候变化[J].地球环境学报,2015,6(3):145-153.
[42] 吴利杰,石建省,郭娇,等.沙漠/黄土过渡带杨桥畔全新世地层微量元素特征及其所揭示的古气候变化[J].矿物岩石地球化学通报,2015,34(2):323-329.
[43] 苏志珠,吴宇婧,孔梦园,等.常量元素记录的毛乌素沙地东南缘全新世气候变化[J].中国沙漠,2018,38(3):516-523.
[44] Lu Y X,Li B S,Wen X H,et al.Millennial-centennial scales climate changes of Holocene indicated by magnetic susceptibility of high-resolution section in Salawusu River valley,China[J].Chinese Geographical Science,2010,20(3):243-251.
[45] Wang H P,Chen J H,Zhang X J,et al.Palaeosol development in the Chinese Loess Plateau as an indicator of the strength of the East Asian summer monsoon:evidence for a mid-Holocene maximum[J].Quaternary International,2014,334/335:155-164.
[46] 徐佳佳,贾玉连,赖忠平,等.黄旗海湖泊沉积记录的早中全新世大湖期环境的差异性[J].沉积学报,2012,30(4):731-738.
[47] Xiao J L,Xu Q H,Nakamura T,et al.Holocene vegetation variation in the Daihai Lake region of north-central China:a direct indication of the Asian monsoon climatic history[J].Quaternary Science Reviews,2004,23(14):1669-1679.
[48] 周亚利,鹿化煜,张家富,等.高精度光释光测年揭示的晚第四纪毛乌素和浑善达克沙地沙丘的固定与活化过程[J].中国沙漠,2005,25(3):342-350.
[49] Bond G,Kromer B,Beer J,et al.Persistent solar influence on North Atlantic climate during the Holocene[J].Science,2001,294(5549):2130-2136.
[1] 白旸,陈佳升,程延,张甜. 广东全新世海岸风沙沉积分布[J]. 中国沙漠, 2020, 40(6): 71-81.
[2] 周虹,吴波,高莹,成龙,贾晓红,庞营军,赵河聚. 毛乌素沙地臭柏Sabina vulgaris群落生物土壤结皮细菌群落组成及其影响因素[J]. 中国沙漠, 2020, 40(5): 130-141.
[3] 王姣月,秦树高,张宇清. 毛乌素沙地植被水分利用效率的时空格局[J]. 中国沙漠, 2020, 40(5): 120-129.
[4] 邓迪,赵泽斌,马媛. 基于GIS的柠条锦鸡儿(Caragana korshinskii)分布模型[J]. 中国沙漠, 2020, 40(5): 74-80.
[5] 许明静,吕萍,肖南,杨军怀,刘铮瑶,冯淼彦,梁准. 毛乌素沙地西北部植被覆盖对沙丘移动的影响[J]. 中国沙漠, 2020, 40(4): 71-80.
[6] 韩超, 肖生春, 丁爱军, 滕泽宇. 腾格里沙漠南缘青海云杉(Picea crassifolia)和油松(Pinus tabulaeformis)年轮记录的气候变化[J]. 中国沙漠, 2020, 40(2): 50-58.
[7] 赵泽芳, 卫海燕, 郭彦龙, 栾文飞, 赵泽斌. 气候变化下的孑遗植物裸果木(Gymnocarpos przewalskii)适宜生境分布[J]. 中国沙漠, 2020, 40(2): 125-133.
[8] 徐丹蕾, 丁靖南, 伍永秋. 1989-2014年毛乌素沙地湖泊面积[J]. 中国沙漠, 2019, 39(6): 40-47.
[9] 马启民, 贾晓鹏, 王海兵, 李永山, 李劭宁. 气候和人为因素对植被变化影响的评价方法综述[J]. 中国沙漠, 2019, 39(6): 48-55.
[10] 马鹏里, 韩兰英, 张旭东, 刘卫平. 气候变暖背景下中国干旱变化的区域特征[J]. 中国沙漠, 2019, 39(6): 209-215.
[11] 刘荔昀, 鲁瑞洁, 刘小槺. 风成沉积物色度记录的毛乌素沙漠全新世以来气候变化[J]. 中国沙漠, 2019, 39(6): 83-89.
[12] 雷晨, 庞奖励, 黄春长, 查小春, 周亚利, 温瑞艳, 炊郁达. 渭河上游地区樊家城黄土-古土壤剖面Rb、Sr、Ba存留特征及意义[J]. 中国沙漠, 2019, 39(6): 90-98.
[13] 韩兰英, 张强, 贾建英, 王有恒, 黄涛. 气候变暖背景下中国干旱强度、频次和持续时间及其南北差异性[J]. 中国沙漠, 2019, 39(5): 1-10.
[14] 薛文萍, 靳鹤龄, 刘冰, 孙良英, 刘振宇. 中国季风边缘区全新世沙地演化及其驱动机制研究进展[J]. 中国沙漠, 2019, 39(3): 163-171.
[15] 韩瑞, 苏志珠, 李想, 柳苗苗, 马义娟. 粒度和磁化率记录的毛乌素沙地东缘全新世气候变化[J]. 中国沙漠, 2019, 39(2): 105-114.