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中国沙漠  2020, Vol. 40 Issue (5): 65-73    DOI: 10.7522/j.issn.1000-694X.2020.00013
    
风蚀气候侵蚀力研究进展
陈首序1(),董玉祥1,2()
1.中山大学 地理科学与规划学院,广东 广州 510275
2.中山大学 新华学院资源与城乡规划系,广东 广州 510520
A review of the research on wind erosion climatic erosivity
Shouxu Chen1(),Yuxiang Dong1,2()
1.School of Geography and Planning,Sun Yat-sen University,Guangzhou 510275,China
2.Department of Resources and Urban Planning,Xinhua College of Sun Yat-sen University,Guangzhou 510520,China
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摘要:

风蚀气候侵蚀力是土壤风蚀方程中的气候因子,计算模型经多次修正后已基本发展成熟,广泛应用于干旱半干旱地区风蚀气候条件评估与响应机理分析及其与风沙地貌、风沙灾害的相关性研究等方面,其中风蚀气候侵蚀力对区域气候变化的响应研究是当下的热点问题。目前,风蚀气候侵蚀力研究仍存在计算模型不完善、研究区域发展不平衡、气候变化响应分析不全面、风沙地貌及风沙灾害相关性争议较多等问题。未来应进一步从构建区域校准性计算模型、计算并分析沿海地区风蚀气候侵蚀力、综合分析风蚀气候侵蚀力对气候变化的响应、建立风沙地貌及风沙灾害相关的综合性风蚀气候评价指标等方面开展风蚀气候侵蚀力的研究。

关键词: 风蚀气候风蚀气候侵蚀力    
Abstract:

Wind erosion climatic erosivity is a climatic factor in the Wind Erosion Equation.Since wind erosion climatic erosivity was proposed,its calculation model had been improved several times, then wind erosion climatic erosivity was widely used in assessing the level of wind erosion climatic erosivity in the inland arid and semi-arid regions of various countries,analyzing the response mechanism of climatic factors to wind erosion climatic erosivity,exploring the correlation between wind erosion climatic erosivity and aeolian geomorphorlogy or aeolian disaster and made lots of progress.Among them,the research on the response to regional climate change is a hot topic of current research.At present,the research on wind erosion climatic erosivity still has some problems,such as imperfect calculation models, imbalanced development of the study area,incomplete analysis of climate change response, and controversies about the relationship between it and aeolian landform or aeolian disaster.To solve these problems,the research of wind erosion climatic erosivity in China in the future should work on the establishment of a regional calibrated calculation model,the calculation and analysis of wind erosion climatic erosivity in coastal areas,more comprehensive analysis of the response mechanism of wind erosion climatic erosivity to climate change,and the establishment of comprehensive wind erosion climate assessment indicators for aeolian geomorphorlogy and aeolian disaster separately.

Key words: wind erosion    climate    wind erosion climatic erosivity
收稿日期: 2020-01-16 出版日期: 2020-09-28
ZTFLH:  P404  
基金资助: 国家自然科学基金项目(41871006)
通讯作者: 董玉祥     E-mail: chenshouxu96@foxmail.com;eesdyx@mail.sysu.edu.cn
作者简介: 陈首序(1996—),男,陕西榆林人,硕士研究生,主要从事海岸风沙地貌研究。E-mail: chenshouxu96@foxmail.com
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引用本文:

陈首序,董玉祥. 风蚀气候侵蚀力研究进展[J]. 中国沙漠, 2020, 40(5): 65-73.

Shouxu Chen,Yuxiang Dong. A review of the research on wind erosion climatic erosivity. Journal of Desert Research, 2020, 40(5): 65-73.

链接本文:

http://www.desert.ac.cn/CN/10.7522/j.issn.1000-694X.2020.00013        http://www.desert.ac.cn/CN/Y2020/V40/I5/65

影响因素相关性
风速正相关
风向视情况而定
降雨量负相关
降雪覆盖负相关
湍流负相关
蒸发负相关
气温正相关
气压负相关
冻融过程正相关
表1  风蚀气候侵蚀力影响因素[66-67]
计算方法所需数据优缺点
Chepil公式风速、降水量、气温

优点:计算简单,数据容易获取

缺点:不适用于寒冷、极端干旱地区

FAO公式风速、降水量、ETP

优点:计算简单,数据易获取,适用范围较广

缺点:暂未确定ETP的最佳计算方法

Skidmore公式风速、大气密度、吸附水粘聚抗力、α常数、风速概率密度函数

优点:理论基础坚实,计算结果准确

缺点:数据获取难度大,计算方法复杂,可能不适用于中国部分地区

表2  风蚀气候侵蚀力的计算方法及其优缺点
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