Please wait a minute...
img

官方微信

高级检索
中国沙漠  2017, Vol. 37 Issue (6): 1261-1270    DOI: 10.7522/j.issn.1000-694X.2016.00076
生态与经济     
贫困脆弱性研究进展
冯娇1,2, 周立华1,3, 陈勇1
1. 中国科学院西北生态环境资源研究院 沙漠与沙漠化重点实验室, 甘肃 兰州 730000;
2. 中国科学院大学, 北京 100049;
3. 中国科学院科技战略咨询研究院, 北京 100190
A Review on the Research of Vulnerability to Poverty
Feng Jiao1,2, Zhou Lihua1,3, Chen Yong1
1. Key Laboratory of Desert and Desertification, Northwest Institute of Eco-environment and Resources, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China;
2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
3. Institutes of Science and Development, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
 全文: PDF(1280 KB)  
摘要: 传统的贫困研究侧重于贫困的定义、测量、根源、返贫策略等方面,随着“能力”、“风险”等概念在贫困研究领域的应用,贫困脆弱性以其前瞻性的视角成为目前贫困研究的热点之一,将未来的风险冲击和家庭应对风险冲击的能力等因素考虑在内预测未来的贫困,对提高减贫效率具有重大意义。国外主要针对贫困脆弱性的含义和测算方法开展理论研究,国内研究多借鉴国外的测度方法,以用相关调查数据进行实证检验为主。本文从贫困脆弱性的相关定义、主要研究内容、研究方法以及相关的实证研究等方面进行梳理和总结,在此基础上指出目前研究的特点和趋势,以期为后续的贫困脆弱性研究和前瞻性的反贫困政策的制定提供有益借鉴。
关键词: 贫困脆弱性贫困脆弱性风险    
Abstract: Poverty in the traditional research focused on the definition, measurement, root, strategy, and so on. With the deep application of the concept of "ability" and "risk" in the field of poverty research, the vulnerability to poverty that takes the future shocks and ability to cope with risk into account can predict the future poverty and improve the efficiency of poverty reduction, which has become one of hot topics in the study of poverty. Foreign study of vulnerability to poverty is mainly aimed at the meaning and the measurement. Domestic literature combined with actual situation mostly draw lessons from foreign research to empirical test with the relevant survey data. Based on the research of many scholars, this article summarizes vulnerability to poverty and points out its characteristics and trends, from the related definitions, the main research contents and methods to related empirical studies at home and abroad, hoping to provide beneficial reference to the future vulnerability to poverty research and to prospective anti-poverty policy.
Key words: poverty    vulnerability    vulnerability to poverty    risk
收稿日期: 2016-05-20 出版日期: 2017-11-20
:  F061.3  
基金资助: 中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所科技成果转化引导基金项目(Y555L11001)
通讯作者: 周立华(E-mail:lhzhou@lzb.ac.cn)     E-mail: lhzhou@lzb.ac.cn
作者简介: 冯娇(1993-),女,甘肃临夏人,硕士研究生,研究方向为生态经济与区域可持续发展。E-mail:fengjiao100@163.com
服务  
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章  
冯娇
周立华
陈勇

引用本文:

冯娇, 周立华, 陈勇. 贫困脆弱性研究进展[J]. 中国沙漠, 2017, 37(6): 1261-1270.

Feng Jiao, Zhou Lihua, Chen Yong. A Review on the Research of Vulnerability to Poverty. JOURNAL OF DESERT RESEARCH, 2017, 37(6): 1261-1270.

链接本文:

http://119.78.100.150/zgsm/CN/10.7522/j.issn.1000-694X.2016.00076        http://119.78.100.150/zgsm/CN/Y2017/V37/I6/1261

[1] 联合国.千年发展目标报告2015[R].2015.
[2] 饶华敏.乌蒙山集中连片少数民族困难地区贫困的脆弱性探讨[J].经济研究导刊,2012(18):132-133.
[3] 李丽,贾小爱,宇文晶.贫困脆弱性的测度方法研究综述[J].经济统计学:季刊,2014(2):17-24.
[4] 潘泽江.湘粤桂边瑶区农户的贫困脆弱性:测度与治理[J].城乡发展研究,2012,19(2):88-83.
[5] World Bank.World Development Report 2000/2001:Attacking Poverty[R].New York,USA:Oxford University,2001.
[6] 韩峥.脆弱性与农村贫困[J].农业经济问题,2004(10):8-12.
[7] 聂荣,张志国.中国农村家庭贫困脆弱性动态研究[J].农业技术经济,2014(10):12-20.
[8] 李翔林.通货膨胀对我国农村低收入贫困群体的影响研究——基于脆弱性视角[D].成都:西南财经大学,2014.
[9] 檀学文,李成贵.贫困的经济脆弱性与减贫战略述评[J].中国农村观察,2010(5):85-96.
[10] Adger W N.Vulnerability[J].Global Environmental Change,2006,16:268-281.
[11] Moser C.The asset vulnerability framework:reassessing urban poverty reduction strategies[J].World Development,1998,26(1):1-19.
[12] Suryahadi A,Sumarto S,Pritchett L.Quantifying Vulnerability to Poverty:A Proposed Measure,Applied to Indonesia[R].World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No.2437,2000.
[13] Chaudhuri S,Jalan J,Suryahadi A.Assessing Household Vulnerability to Poverty from Cross-sectional Data:A Methodology and Estimates from Indonesia[R].New York,USA:Columbia University,2002.
[14] Kühl J J.Disaggregating household vulnerability-analyzing fluctuations in consumption using a simulation approach[C]//Growth,Poverty Reduction,and Human Development in Africa.Oxford,UK:The Centre for the Study of African Economies and Global Poverty Research Group,2004:551.
[15] Dercon S.Risk,poverty and vulnerability in Africa[J].Journal of African Economies,2005,14(4):483-488.
[16] Zhang Y,Wan G H.An empirical analysis of household vulnerability in rural China[J].Journal of the Asia Pacific Economy,2006,11(2):196-212 .
[17] Christiaensen L J.Towards an understanding of household vulnerability in rural Kenya[J].Journal of African Economies,2005,14(4):520-558.
[18] Mcculloch N,Calandrino M.Vulnerability and chronic poverty in rural Sichuan[J].World Development,2003,31(31):611-628.
[19] Mansuri G,Healy A.Vulnerability prediction in rural Pakistan[C]//Estimation and Policy Implications.Washington,USA:The IFPRI-World Bank Conference on Risk and Vulnerability,2002.
[20] 万广华,刘飞,章元.资产视角下的贫困脆弱性分解:基于中国农户面板数据的经验分析[J].中国农村经济,2014(4):4-19.
[21] 任军营.豫西山区农户贫困脆弱性测度研究[D].西安:西北农林科技大学,2014.
[22] 房超.中国农村贫困脆弱性分析——基于CHNS微观数据的实证研究[D].大连:东北财经大学,2014.
[23] Chambers R,Conway G R.Sustainable Rural Livelihoods:Practical Concepts for the 21st Century[R].IDS Discussion Paper,1991.
[24] 刘伟.健康风险对农户贫困脆弱性的影响及对策研究[D].陕西杨凌:西北农林科技大学,2014.
[25] 陈健生.脆弱性、贫困动态与西部农村贫困研究转变[M]//罗中枢.西部发展评论.成都:四川大学出版社,2013:221-234.
[26] 国情调查课题组.脆弱性与贫困:江苏李庄村实证分析[J].现代经济探讨,2009(7):44-47.
[27] 马九杰,朱勇.农户风险对策、社会风险管理和保险:相关研究概览[C]//第三届中国国际民间环境组织合作论坛论文集.北京:中国人民大学农业经济系,2003.
[28] 黄伟.风险冲击、脆弱性与农户贫困关系研究[D].武汉:华中农业大学,2008.
[29] Dercon S.Vulnerability to Poverty:A Framework for Policy Analysis[R].CPRC working paper,2007.
[30] 贺祥,熊康宁.基于熵权灰色关联法的贵州岩溶山区农村贫困脆弱性分析[J].江苏农业科学,2014,42(3):376-381.
[31] Barrientos A.Does Vulnerability Create Poverty Traps?[R].2011.
[32] 方迎风.冲击、“能力”投资与贫困脆弱性[J].中国地质大学学报:社会科学版,2014,14(2):103-111.
[33] 郑浩.贫困陷阱:风险、人力资本传递和跪弱性[D].武汉:武汉大学,2012.
[34] 黎洁,邰秀军.西部山区农户贫困脆弱性的影响因素:基于分层模型的实证研究[J].当代经济科学,2009,31(5):110-115.
[35] 张永丽,章忠明.风险与不确定性对农户劳动力资源配置的影响[J].华南农业大学学报:社会科学版,2010,9(4):11-19.
[36] 李伯华,陈佳,刘沛林,等.欠发达地区农户贫困脆弱性评价及其治理策略[J].中国农学通报,2013,29(23):44-50.
[37] Alwang J,Siegel P B,Jorgensen S L,et al.Vulnerability:A View from Different Disciplines[R].Social Protection Discussion Papers,2001.
[38] 唐丽霞,李小云,左停.社会排斥、脆弱性和可持续生计:贫困的三种分析框架及比较[J].贵州社会科学,2010(12):4-10.
[39] Prowse M.Towards A Clearer Understanding of ‘Vulnerability’ in Relation to Chronic Poverty[R].Social Science Electronic Publishing,2003.
[40] 韩峥.广西西部十县农村脆弱性分析及对策建议[J].农业经济,2002(5):38-39.
[41] Günther I,Harttgen K.Estimating households vulnerability to idiosyncratic and covariate shocks:a novel method applied in Madagascar[J].World Development,2009,37(7):1222-1234.
[42] Ligon E,Schechter L.Measuring vulnerability[J].Economic Journal,2003,113:95-102.
[43] 叶初升,赵锐,李慧.经济转型中的贫困脆弱性:测度、分解与比较——中俄经济转型绩效的一种微观评价[J].经济社会体制比较,2014(1):103-114.
[44] 李齐云,席华.新农保对家庭贫困脆弱性的影响——基于中国家庭追踪调查数据的研究[J].上海经济研究,2015(7):46-54.
[45] Dutta I,Foster J,Mishra A.On measuring vulnerability to poverty[J].Working Papers,2010,37(4):743-761.
[46] 邹薇,郑浩.我国家户贫困脆弱性的测度与分解——一个新的分析思路[J].社会科学研究,2014:54-65.
[47] 刘红丽.我国农村居民家庭脆弱性测度[D].太原:山西财经大学,2011.
[48] 饶丹.我国通货膨胀对农村贫困脆弱性的影响研究[D].重庆:重庆大学,2012.
[49] Glewwe P,Hall G.Are some groups more vulnerable to macroeconomic shocks than others?Hypothesis tests based on panel data from Peru[J].Journal of Development Economics,2010,56(1):181-206.
[50] Fuente A D L.Remittances and vulnerability to poverty in rural Mexico[J].World Development,2010,38(6):828-839.
[51] Islam A,Maitra P.Health shocks and consumption smoothing in rural households:does microcredit have a role to play?[J].Monash Economics Working Papers,2012,97(2):232-243.
[52] Bayudan-Dacuycuy C,Lim J A.Chronic and transient poverty and vulnerability to poverty in the Philippines:evidence using a simple spells approach[J].Social Indicators Research,2014,118(1):389-413.
[53] Celidoni M.Decomposing vulnerability to poverty[J].Review of Income and Wealth,2015,61(1):59-74.
[54] Alejandro D L F,Ortiz-Juarez E,Rodriguez-Castelan C.Living on the edge:vulnerability to poverty and public transfers in Mexico[J].Social Science Electronic Publishing,2015,395(6):9-12.
[55] Babu L D S,Afera N.Assessing households vulnerability to poverty in Ethiopia:estimates from sedentary areas of afar region:Ethiopia[J].Economics and Sustainable Development,2016,7(1):70-77.
[56] Mahanta R,Das D.Vulnerability to poverty:a survey[J].Journal of Business Strategies,2015,32(2):1-16.
[57] 李小云,董强,饶小龙,等.农户脆弱性分析方法及其本土化应用[J].中国农村经济,2007(4):32-39.
[58] 杨龙,汪三贵.贫困地区农户脆弱性及其影响因素分析[J].中国人口·资源与环境,2015,25(10):150-156.
[59] 李丽.中国城乡居民家庭贫困脆弱性研究[D].大连:东北财经大学,2010.
[60] 万广华,章元,史清华.如何更准确地预测贫困脆弱性:基于中国农户面板数据的比较研究[J].农业技术经济,2011(9):13-23.
[61] 左停,刘燕丽,齐顾波,等.贫困农户的脆弱性与小额信贷的风险缓解作用[J].农村经济,2007(12):52-56.
[62] 胡金焱.民间借贷、社会网络与贫困脆弱性[J].山东师范大学学报:人文社会科学版,2015,60(4):17-27.
[63] Klasen S,Waibel H.Vulnerability to poverty in South-East Asia:drivers,measurement,responses,and policy issues[J].World Development,2014,71:1-3.
[1] 岳喜元, 左小安, 赵学勇, 常学礼, 连杰, 侯孟孜, 张婧, 吕朋. 科尔沁沙地沙漠化风险评价[J]. 中国沙漠, 2018, 38(1): 8-16.
[2] 王娅, 周立华. 宁夏盐池县沙漠化逆转过程的脆弱性诊断[J]. 中国沙漠, 2018, 38(1): 39-47.
[3] 丁之勇, 马龙, 吉力力·阿不都外力, 刘文, 葛拥晓. 新疆艾比湖湖泊沉积物元素地球化学记录及其生态环境意义[J]. 中国沙漠, 2018, 38(1): 101-110.
[4] 吴昕, 徐凯, 张继吟, 李江风. 中国锡林郭勒草原沙漠化的沙源及其地质学成因[J]. 中国沙漠, 2018, 38(1): 92-100.
[5] 徐玉霞, 许小明, 杨宏伟, 张艳. 基于GIS的陕西省干旱灾害风险评估及区划[J]. 中国沙漠, 2018, 38(1): 192-199.
[6] 乔蕻强, 程文仕, 乔伟栋, 刘学录. 基于相对风险模型的土地利用变化生态风险定量评价——以石羊河流域为例[J]. 中国沙漠, 2017, 37(1): 198-204.
[7] 赵丹阳, 曾永年. 青海高原东部河湟谷地生态风险评价——以海东市为例[J]. 中国沙漠, 2016, 36(4): 1190-1197.
[8] 韩兰英, 张强, 赵红岩, 黄涛, 贾建英, 张旭东. 甘肃省农业干旱灾害损失特征及其对气候变暖的响应[J]. 中国沙漠, 2016, 36(3): 767-776.
[9] 韦惠兰, 祁应军. 农户生计资本与生计策略关系的实证分析——以河西走廊沙化土地封禁保护区外围为例[J]. 中国沙漠, 2016, 36(2): 540-548.
[10] 韩兰英, 张强, 马鹏里, 贾建英, 姚玉璧, 成青燕, 郭铌, 王劲松, 王莺. 中国西南地区农业干旱灾害风险空间特征[J]. 中国沙漠, 2015, 35(4): 1015-1023.
[11] 任小玢, 胡光印, 董治宝. 沙漠化脆弱性的概念与评价[J]. 中国沙漠, 2015, 35(1): 40-50.
[12] 马真臻, 王忠静, 顾艳玲, 夏婷. 中国西北干旱区自然保护区生态脆弱性评价——以甘肃西湖、苏干湖自然保护区为例[J]. 中国沙漠, 2015, 35(1): 253-259.
[13] 王莺, 王劲松, 姚玉璧. 甘肃省河东地区气象干旱灾害风险评估与区划[J]. 中国沙漠, 2014, 34(4): 1115-1124.
[14] 胡颖颖, 玉米提·哈力克, 塔依尔江·艾山, 黄婷, 朱亚, 买尔当·克依木. 新疆2001-2010年农业气候干旱脆弱性分析[J]. 中国沙漠, 2014, 34(1): 254-259.
[15] 李红英1,2, 张晓煜1,2, 袁海燕1,2, 段晓凤1,2. 宁夏农业干旱灾害综合风险分析[J]. 中国沙漠, 2013, 33(3): 882-887.