Please wait a minute...
img

官方微信

高级检索
中国沙漠  2019, Vol. 39 Issue (3): 48-55    DOI: 10.7522/j.issn.1000-694X.2018.00079
    
甘肃瓜州锁阳城南雅丹地貌区起沙风况与输沙势特征
梁晓磊1,2, 牛清河1, 安志山1, 屈建军1, 邵亚平3, 王亮3
1. 中国科学院西北生态环境资源研究院 敦煌戈壁荒漠研究站/甘肃省风沙灾害防治工程技术研究中心/中国科学院沙漠与沙漠化重点实验室, 甘肃 兰州 730000;
2. 中国科学院大学, 北京 100049;
3. 甘肃安西极旱荒漠国家级自然保护区管理局, 甘肃 瓜州 736100
Sand-driving Wind Regime and Sand Drift Potential in the Yardang Landform Areas of Southern Suoyang Town,Guazhou,Gansu,China
Liang Xiaolei1,2, Niu Qinghe1, An Zhishan1, Qu Jianjun1, Shao Yaping3, Wang Liang3
1. Dunhuang Gobi and Desert Research Station/Gansu Center for Sand Hazard Reduction and Engineering and Technology/Key Laboratory of Desert and Desertification, Northwest Institute of Eco-Environment and Resources, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China;
2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
3. Administration of An'xi Extra-arid Desert National Nature Reserve in Gansu Province, Guazhou 736100, Gansu, China
 全文: PDF(10951 KB)  
摘要: 以2016—2018年定位气象观测数据为依据,分析了甘肃瓜州锁阳城南雅丹地貌区的起沙风况及输沙势变化情况。结果表明:(1)研究区起沙风由两组风向近似相反的风所组成,主风向为NE-E,占全年起沙风的68.86%,次风向为WSW-WNW向,占27.67%;(2)年平均起沙风频率为19.0%,春季和夏季起沙风频率最高,分别占全年的33.57%和34.69%,各季起沙风向分布特征基本一致;(3)研究区风况类型为高风能环境和中等风向变率的钝双峰型风况。输沙势的大小和方向变率具有明显的季节性,春、夏季的总输沙势(DP)和合成输沙势(RDP)较高,夏季和冬季的方向变率RDP/DP值较高,合成输沙方向(RDD)245.45°~253.01°(WSW);(4)研究区雅丹地貌长轴走向与主输沙方向一致,说明风力是其形成的主要动力条件。
关键词: 锁阳城雅丹地貌起沙风风况输沙势    
Abstract: Based on the meteorological observation data from 2016 to 2017 and the geomorphic feature of the research area, we analyzed the sand-driving wind regime and sand drift potential in the yardang landform areas in the south of Suoyang. The results indicated that: Sand-driving wind in the research area was composed of two groups of wind that close to the opposite directions. There was a higher accumulated frequency with 68.86% in the NE-E direction, and 27.67% in the WSW-WNW. The frequency of annual sand-driving wind was 19.0%, and the sand-driving wind occurred mainly in the spring and summer, with an occurring frequency of 33.57% and 34.69%, respectively. The direction structure of seasonal sand-driving wind was similar. Fry berger equation was applied to calculate annual and seasonal sand drift potential, and to analyze its seasonal variation. As a whole, the wind regime in the study area was high wind environment, medium variability and blunt bimodal wind condition. Obvious seasonal differences were reflected in the sand drift potential and directional variability, and there was higher resultant sand drift potential (RDP) and drift potential (DP) in spring and summer and higher RDP/DP in summer and winter. The resultant drift direction (RDD) was in the range of 245.45°-253.01° (WSW), which was consistent with the directions of yardang main ridge line. Therefore, aeolian power was the main driving force for the formation of yardang landform. In addition, this paper provided a theoretical reference for elucidating the formation and development process of yardang landform by combining with the features of field landform.
Key words: Suoyang county    the yardang landform    sand-driving wind    wind regime    sand drift potential
收稿日期: 2018-06-11 出版日期: 2019-06-10
ZTFLH:  P931.3  
基金资助: 国家自然科学基金项目(41671012);中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所青-人才成长基金项目(51Y551C01);中国科学院沙漠与沙漠化重点实验室开放基金项目(KLDD-2018-003);中国铁路乌鲁木齐局集团有限公司科技研究开发计划课题(2017J003,2017J002)
作者简介: 梁晓磊(1986-),男,山西忻州人,博士研究生,主要从事风沙地貌研究。E-mail:liangxl@lzb.ac.cn
服务  
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章  
梁晓磊
牛清河
安志山
屈建军
邵亚平
王亮

引用本文:

梁晓磊, 牛清河, 安志山, 屈建军, 邵亚平, 王亮. 甘肃瓜州锁阳城南雅丹地貌区起沙风况与输沙势特征[J]. 中国沙漠, 2019, 39(3): 48-55.

Liang Xiaolei, Niu Qinghe, An Zhishan, Qu Jianjun, Shao Yaping, Wang Liang. Sand-driving Wind Regime and Sand Drift Potential in the Yardang Landform Areas of Southern Suoyang Town,Guazhou,Gansu,China. Journal of Desert Research, 2019, 39(3): 48-55.

链接本文:

http://www.desert.ac.cn/CN/10.7522/j.issn.1000-694X.2018.00079        http://www.desert.ac.cn/CN/Y2019/V39/I3/48

[1] 朱震达,吴正,刘恕,等.中国沙漠概论[M].北京:科学出版社,1980.
[2] 朱震达,赵兴梁,凌裕泉,等.治沙工程学[M].北京:中国环境科学出版社,1998.
[3] Edwin D M.世界沙海的研究[M].赵兴梁,译.银川:宁夏人民出版社,1993.
[4] 董治宝,苏志珠,钱广强,等.库姆塔格沙漠风沙地貌[M].北京:科学出版社,2011.
[5] Wang X M,Dong Z B,Zhang J W,et al.Wind energy environments and dunefield activity in the Chinese deserts[J].Geomorphology,2005,65:33-48.
[6] 牛清河,屈建军,安志山.甘肃敦煌雅丹地质公园区风蚀气候侵蚀力特征[J].中国沙漠,2017,37(6):1-4.
[7] 牛清河.雅丹地貌形成发育过程研究——以敦煌雅丹国家地质公园为例[D].兰州:中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所,2011:8-11.
[8] Hedin S.Central Asia and Tibet[M].New York,USA:Scribner,1994.
[9] Ward A W,Greeley R.Evolution of the yardangs at Rogers Lake,California[J].Geological Society of America Bulletin,1984,95(7):829-837.
[10] Breed C S,McCauley J F,Whitney M I,et al.Wind erosion in drylands[M]//Thomas D S G.Arid Zone Geomorphology:Process,Form and Change in Drylands.Chichester,USA:John Wiley,1997.
[11] Goudie A S.Wind erosional landforms:yardangs and pans[M]//Goudie A S,Livingstone I,Stokes S.Aeolian Environments,Sediments and Landforms.Chichester,USA:Wiley,1999.
[12] 牛清河,屈建军,李孝泽,等.雅丹地貌研究评述与展望[J].地球科学进展,2011,26(5):516-524.
[13] Zhang H S,Qiao G H,Wang C M,et al.Sustainable development of agriculture in northwestern ecologically fragile desert oasis-a case study of Guazhou county of Gansu province[J].Agricultural Science & Technology,2010,11(6):175-178.
[14] 程英.瓜州县生态环境脆弱性的动态评价[D].兰州:西北师范大学,2006:12-15.
[15] 黄可光,汤乐中.安西县雅丹地貌初探[J].西北师范大学学报(自然科学版),1986,22(3):43-47.
[16] 屈建军,牛清河,高德祥.敦煌雅丹地貌形成发育过程图谱[M].北京:地质出版社,2014.
[17] 郑惠艳.河西走廊西部生态综合治理研究——以瓜州县为例[J].水利规划与设计,2017,2:9.
[18] 张正偲,董治宝,赵爱国.输沙势计算中的"时距"问题[J].干旱区地理,2010,33(2):177-181.
[19] 张克存,牛清河,安志山,等.敦煌沙漠-绿洲过渡带近地表风沙动力环境[J].水土保持通报,2015,35(4):8-10.
[20] 吴正.风沙地貌与治沙工程学[M].北京:科学出版社,2011:1-38.
[21] 郭洪旭,王雪芹,蒋进,等.古尔班通古特沙漠腹地输沙风能及地貌学意义[J].干旱区研究,2011,28(4):580-584.
[22] 王永胜,杨文斌,李永华,等.库姆塔格沙漠东缘荒漠绿洲过渡带风况及输沙势[J].干旱区环境与资源,2015,29(1):141-143.
[23] 李文林,王建民.设计风速中高度换算的探讨[J].电力勘测,1996,45(2):45-46.
[24] Fryberger S G.Dune forms and wind regime[M]//Mckee E D.A Study of Global Sand Seas.Washington D C,USA:USGS Professional Paper,1979:137-169.
[25] 俎瑞平,张克存,屈建军,等.塔克拉玛干沙漠风况特征研究[J].干旱区地理,2005,28(2):167-169.
[26] 朱震达.中国沙漠、沙漠化、荒漠化及其治理对策[M].北京:中国环境出版社,1999:48-52.
[27] 牛清河.雅丹地貌侵蚀过程若干问题研究[D].兰州:中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所,2014:7-20.
[1] 马芳, 吕萍. 新月形沙丘与线性沙丘共存区域风况特征[J]. 中国沙漠, 2019, 39(3): 98-106.
[2] 庞营军, 吴波, 贾晓红, 石麟, 高达布希拉图, 李世忠. 毛乌素沙地风况及输沙势特征[J]. 中国沙漠, 2019, 39(1): 62-67.
[3] 王彦洁, 武法东, 张婷婷, 储皓. 敦煌雅丹地貌区晚更新世以来的区域构造运动特征[J]. 中国沙漠, 2018, 38(4): 739-746.
[4] 肖南, 董治宝, 南维鸽, 崔徐甲, 李超, 肖巍强, 李露露. 1957-2014年库布齐沙漠地面风场特征[J]. 中国沙漠, 2018, 38(3): 628-636.
[5] 陈宗颜, 董治宝, 汪青春. 青海共和盆地风况及风沙地貌[J]. 中国沙漠, 2018, 38(3): 492-499.
[6] 谢胜波, 喻文波, 屈建军, 庞营军. 青藏高原红梁河风沙动力环境特征[J]. 中国沙漠, 2018, 38(2): 219-224.
[7] 陈宁, 王新平. 干旱区生态系统跃变:以输沙势为外部驱动力[J]. 中国沙漠, 2017, 37(1): 73-80.
[8] 安志山, 张克存, 谭立海. 沙漠-绿洲过渡带风沙活动特征——以敦煌黑山嘴地区为例[J]. 中国沙漠, 2016, 36(6): 1653-1658.
[9] 胡广录, 王德金, 廖亚鑫, 张宏伟. 荒漠-绿洲过渡带斑块植被区起沙风对风蚀积沙量的影响[J]. 中国沙漠, 2016, 36(4): 902-910.
[10] 李晋昌, 韩柳彦, 赵艳芳, 张红, 武志涛. 晋北沙漠化地区起沙风风况与输沙势[J]. 中国沙漠, 2016, 36(4): 911-917.
[11] 韩广, 尤莉, 程玉琴. 科尔沁沙地春季冷锋过境的地面风况特征[J]. 中国沙漠, 2016, 36(4): 1087-1096.
[12] 张登山, 张佩, 吴汪洋, 田丽慧. 青海湖东克土沙区风沙运动规律及防治对策[J]. 中国沙漠, 2016, 36(2): 274-280.
[13] 刘强吉, 武胜利. 新疆博斯腾湖流域风沙环境特征[J]. 中国沙漠, 2015, 35(5): 1128-1135.
[14] 鲍锋, 董治宝, 张正偲. 柴达木盆地风沙地貌区风况特征[J]. 中国沙漠, 2015, 35(3): 549-554.
[15] 安志山, 张克存, 屈建军, 谭立海, 牛清河, 张伟民, 殷代英. 金字塔沙丘近地表流场及其对月牙泉影响研究[J]. 中国沙漠, 2014, 34(1): 9-15.