Please wait a minute...
img

官方微信

高级检索
中国沙漠  2019, Vol. 39 Issue (6): 108-117    DOI: 10.7522/j.issn.1000-694X.2019.00002
    
2007-2017年中国沙尘气溶胶的三维分布特征及输送过程
贾瑞, 刘玉芝, 吴楚樵, 祝清哲, 汪兵
兰州大学 半干旱气候变化教育部重点实验室, 甘肃 兰州 730000
Three-dimensional Distribution and Transport Process of Dust Aerosols over China from 2007 to 2017
Jia Rui, Liu Yuzhi, Wu Chuqiao, Zhu Qingzhe, Wang Bing
Key Laboratory for Semi-Arid Climate Change of the Ministry of Education, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, China
 全文: PDF(35465 KB)  
摘要: 利用最新发布的CALIPSO产品,构建了2007-2017年中国沙尘气溶胶的三维分布,并结合HYSPLIT-4模式和再分析数据,探讨了沙尘的三维输送过程。结果表明:中国的沙尘排放源区主要是塔克拉玛干沙漠和巴丹吉林沙漠,沙尘气溶胶出现频率分别为60%和35%。塔克拉玛干沙漠排放的沙尘主要(50%~70%)停留在源地0~6 000 m高度,少部分向东输送至甘肃和内蒙古;巴丹吉林沙漠排放的沙尘则主要向东输送。中国沙尘排放量在春季最大,向东输送最强;夏季,东亚夏季风限制了沙尘向东输送;秋季,沙尘排放减弱,输送强度和夏季相当;沙尘排放量在冬季最小,输送最弱。夏季,沙尘在输送过程中可被抬升至高度5 000 m以上,春季次之,秋、冬季的沙尘主要在低层大气输送。沙尘在向东输送的过程中被抬升并和当地人为污染物混合变为污染性沙尘,华北地区污染性沙尘出现频率高达30%;输送到海洋的沙尘也会与洋面上(0~3 000 m高度)的海盐气溶胶混合,出现频率约为10%。
关键词: 中国沙尘气溶胶三维分布输送过程    
Abstract: In this paper, the three-dimensional distribution and transport process of dust aerosols over China are discussed by combining reanalysis data, CALIPSO products and the HYSPLIT-4 model. The results show that these dust aerosols are mainly sourced from the Taklimakan and Badain Jaran deserts with occurrence frequencies of 60% and 35%, respectively. Dust aerosols emitted from the Taklimakan Desert mainly (50%-70%) stay at 0-6 000 m height, and some of them can be transported eastward to the provinces of Gansu and Inner Mongolia. Dust aerosols emitted from the Badain Jaran Desert mainly affect the eastern part of China through long-distance transport. In spring, the dust emission is the largest and the eastward transport intensity is the strongest; In summer, the eastward transport of dust is restricted by the East Asia monsoon; The dust emission is weakened in autumn and the transport intensity is equivalent to that in summer; In winter, the dust emission is the smallest and the transport intensity is the weakest. Dust aerosols can be lifted up to high altitude more than 5 000 m during the transport process in summer, followed by spring. The dust transport in autumn and winter is mainly limited in the lower atmospheric layer. During the eastward transport, dust aerosols are lifted up and polluted by the local anthropogenic pollutants. The occurrence frequency of polluted dust aerosols over north and east China is up to 30%. The dust aerosols transported to the ocean can be mixed with sea salt (0-3 000 m height) and the occurrence frequency is about 10%.
Key words: China    dust aerosols    three-dimensional distribution    transport process
收稿日期: 2018-11-25 出版日期: 2019-11-14
:  P427.2  
基金资助: 国家自然科学基金项目(91737101,41475095)
通讯作者: 刘玉芝(E-mail:liuyzh@lzu.edu.cn)     E-mail: liuyzh@lzu.edu.cn
作者简介: 贾瑞(1987-),女,山东菏泽人,博士研究生,主要从事大气物理与大气环境研究。E-mail:jiar16@lzu.edu.cn
服务  
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章  
贾瑞
刘玉芝
吴楚樵
祝清哲
汪兵

引用本文:

贾瑞, 刘玉芝, 吴楚樵, 祝清哲, 汪兵. 2007-2017年中国沙尘气溶胶的三维分布特征及输送过程[J]. 中国沙漠, 2019, 39(6): 108-117.

Jia Rui, Liu Yuzhi, Wu Chuqiao, Zhu Qingzhe, Wang Bing. Three-dimensional Distribution and Transport Process of Dust Aerosols over China from 2007 to 2017. Journal of Desert Research, 2019, 39(6): 108-117.

链接本文:

http://www.desert.ac.cn/CN/10.7522/j.issn.1000-694X.2019.00002        http://www.desert.ac.cn/CN/Y2019/V39/I6/108

[1] 宿兴涛,李鲲,魏强,等.东亚沙尘光学特性及其对辐射强迫和温度的影响[J].中国沙漠,2016,36(5):1381-1390.
[2] 衣娜娜,张镭,曹贤洁,等.SACOL黑碳和沙尘气溶胶辐射强迫分析[J].兰州大学学报(自然科学版),2015,51(3):381-387.
[3] Jia R,Liu Y Z,Hua S,et al.Estimation of the aerosol radiative effect over the Tibetan Plateau based on the latest CALIPSO product[J].Journal of Meteorological Research,2018,32(5):707-722.
[4] 胡向军,张镭,郑飞,等.基于激光雷达资料的气溶胶辐射效应研究[J].干旱气象,2014,32(2):248-255.
[5] Li Z,Niu F,Fan J,et al.Long-term impacts of aerosols on the vertical development of clouds and precipitation[J].Nature Geoscience,2011,4(12):888-894.
[6] Huang J,Minnis P,Lin B,et al.Possible influences of Asian dust aerosols on cloud properties and radiative forcing observed from MODIS and CERES[J].Geophysical Research Letters,2006,33(6):L06824.
[7] Huang J,Minnis P,Yan H,et al.Dust aerosol effect on semi-arid climate over Northwest China detected from A-Train satellite measurements[J].Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics,2010,10(14):6863-6872.
[8] Rosenfeld D,Lohmann U,Raga G B,et al.Flood or drought:how do aerosols affect precipitation[J].Science,2008,321(5894):1309-1313.
[9] Creamean J M,Suski K J,Rosenfeld D,et al.Dust and biological aerosols from the Sahara and Asia influence;precipitation in the western U.S.[J].Science,2013,339(6127):1572-1578.
[10] 郭勇涛,辛金元,李旭,等.沙尘对兰州市大气环境质量的影响[J].中国沙漠,2015,35(4):977-982.
[11] 王天舒,牛生杰.内蒙古东部春季三类沙尘天气气溶胶散射系数及其与PM10、能见度相关性分析[J].大气科学,2017,41(1):121-131.
[12] 石广玉,檀赛春,陈彬.沙尘和生物气溶胶的环境和气候效应[J].大气科学,2018,42(3):559-569.
[13] Chung S H,Seinfeld J H.Climate response of direct radiative forcing of anthropogenic black carbon[J].Journal of Geophysical Research,2005,110:D11102.
[14] Myhre G,Bellouin N,Berglen T F,et al.Comparison of the radiative properties and direct radiative effect of aerosols from a global aerosol model and remote sensing data over ocean[J].Tellus B,2007,59(1):115-129.
[15] Shell K M,Somerville R C J.Direct radiative effect of mineral dust and volcanic aerosols in a simple aerosol climate model[J].Journal of Geophysical Research,2007,112:D03205.
[16] Myhre G,Aas W,Cherian R,et al.Multi-model simulations of aerosol and ozone radiative forcing due to anthropogenic emission changes during the period 1990-2015[J].Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics,2017,17(4):2709-2720.
[17] Schulz M,Textor C,Kinne S,et al.Radiative forcing by aerosols as derived from the AeroCom present-day and pre-industrial simulations[J].Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics,2006,6:5225-5246.
[18] Yu H,Kaufman Y J,Chin M,et al.A review of measurement-based assessments of the aerosol direct radiative effect and forcing[J].Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics,2006,6(3):613-666.
[19] Chandu D,Wood R,Anderson T L,et al.Satellite-derived direct radiative effect of aerosols dependent on cloud cover[J].Nature Geoscience,2009,2(3):181-184.
[20] Huang J,Adams A,Wang C,et al.Black carbon and West African monsoon precipitation:observations and simulations[J].Annales Geophysicae,2009,27:4171-4181.
[21] Samset B H,Myhre G.Vertical dependence of black carbon,sulphate and biomass burning aerosol radiative forcing[J].Geophysical Research Letters,2011,38(24):24802.
[22] Penner J E,Quaas J,Storelvmo T,et al.Model intercomparison of indirect aerosol effects[J].Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics,2006,6:3391-3405.
[23] Kahn R A,Ogren J A,Ackerman T P,et al.Aerosol Data Sources and Their Roles within PARAGON[J].Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society,2004,85(10):1511-1522.
[24] Samset B H,Myhre G,Schulz M,et al.Black carbon vertical profiles strongly affect its radiative forcing uncertainty[J].Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics,2013,13(5):2423-2434.
[25] Zarzycki C M,Bond T C.How much can the vertical distribution of black carbon affect its global direct radiative forcing[J].Geophysical Research Letters,2010,37(20):114-122.
[26] 刘冲,赵天良,熊洁,等.1991-2010年全球沙尘气溶胶排放量气候特征及其大气环流影响因子[J].中国沙漠,2015,35(4):959-970.
[27] 刘莹,韩永翔,杨文清,等.沙尘天气、尘卷风对沙漠地区起沙量的贡献[J].中国沙漠,2018,38(6):1175-1179.
[28] Li R,Dong X,Guo J,et al.The implications of dust ice nuclei effect on cloud top temperature in a complex mesoscale convective system.[J].Scientific Reports,2017,7(1):13826.
[29] 钱莉,姚玉璧,杨鑫,等.河西走廊盛夏一次沙尘暴天气过程成因[J].中国沙漠,2016,36(2):458-466.
[30] 郝丽,杨文,吴统文,等.沙尘气溶胶的光学特性及辐射强迫效应[J].中国沙漠,2010,30(6):1477-1482.
[31] 史莹莹,张镭,田鹏飞,等.黄土高原半干旱区沙尘气溶胶光学和微物理特性[J].高原气象,2018,37(1):286-295.
[32] 彭艳梅,王舒,肖高翔,等.塔克拉玛干沙漠腹地塔中地区大气气溶胶散射系数影响因子[J].中国沙漠,2018,38(2):384-392.
[33] 岳平,牛生杰,刘晓云.浑善达克沙地春季沙尘暴期间沙尘启动及传输特性研究[J].中国沙漠,2008,28(2):227-230.
[34] Costantino L,Bréon,F M.Aerosol indirect effect on warm clouds over south-East Atlantic,from co-located MODIS and CALIPSO observations[J].Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics,2013,13:69-88.
[35] Randles C A,Silva D,Buchard V,et al.The MERRA-2 aerosol reanalysis,1980 onward.part I:system description and data assimilation evaluation[J].Journal of Climate,2017,30(17):6823.
[36] Martonchik J V,Diner D J,Kahn R,et al.Comparison of MISR and AERONET aerosol optical depths over desert sites[J].Geophysical Research Letters,2004,31:L16102.
[37] Kahn R A,Gaitley B J,Martonchik J V,et al.Multiangle Imaging Spectroradiometer (MISR) global aerosol optical depth validation based on 2 years of coincident Aerosol Robotic Network (AERONET) observations[J].Journal of Geophysical Research,2005,110:D10S04.
[38] Adams A M,Prospero J M,Zhang C.CALIPSO-derived three-dimensional structure of aerosol over the Atlantic Basin and adjacent continents[J].Journal of Climate,2012,25(19):6862-6879.
[39] 王存忠,牛生杰,王兰宁.中国50 a来沙尘暴变化特征[J].中国沙漠,2010,30(4):933-939.
[40] 茹建波,王天河,李积明,等.东亚沙尘源区晴空和云上沙尘气溶胶特征[J].中国沙漠,2018,38(2):372-383.
[41] 牛生杰,孙照渤.春末中国西北沙漠地区沙尘气溶胶物理特性的飞机观测[J].高原气象,2005,44(4):604-609.
[42] Chen S,Huang J,Li J,et al.Comparison of dust emissions,transport,and deposition between the Taklimakan Desert and Gobi Desert from 2007 to 2011[J].Science China-Earth Sciences,2017,60(1):1338-1355.
[1] 赵洋, 潘颜霞, 苏洁琼, 张志山. 中国干旱区沙化土地绿色环保治理技术综述[J]. 中国沙漠, 2021, 41(1): 195-202.
[2] 常茜, 鹿化煜, 吕娜娜, 崔梦淳, 李海宇. 1992-2015年中国沙漠面积变化的遥感监测与气候影响分析[J]. 中国沙漠, 2020, 40(1): 57-63.
[3] 程清平, 钟方雷, 左小安, 杨春林. 美丽中国与联合国可持续发展目标(SDGs)结合的黑河流域水资源承载力评价[J]. 中国沙漠, 2020, 40(1): 204-214.
[4] 张芝娟, 衣育红, 陈斌, 杜晖. 2018年春季中国北方大范围沙尘天气对城市空气质量的影响及其天气学分析[J]. 中国沙漠, 2019, 39(6): 13-22.
[5] 马鹏里, 韩兰英, 张旭东, 刘卫平. 气候变暖背景下中国干旱变化的区域特征[J]. 中国沙漠, 2019, 39(6): 209-215.
[6] 韩兰英, 张强, 贾建英, 王有恒, 黄涛. 气候变暖背景下中国干旱强度、频次和持续时间及其南北差异性[J]. 中国沙漠, 2019, 39(5): 1-10.
[7] 王莺, 赵文, 张强. 中国北方地区农业干旱脆弱性评价[J]. 中国沙漠, 2019, 39(4): 149-158.
[8] 王鑫, 杨保. 过去2 000a中国和北半球温度变化及其外部强迫因子重建研究进展[J]. 中国沙漠, 2018, 38(4): 829-840.
[9] 茹建波, 王天河, 李积明, 韩颖, 张北斗. 东亚沙尘源区晴空和云上沙尘气溶胶特征[J]. 中国沙漠, 2018, 38(2): 372-383.
[10] 彭艳梅, 王舒, 肖高翔, 高磊, 何清, 刘新春. 塔克拉玛干沙漠腹地塔中地区大气气溶胶散射系数影响因子[J]. 中国沙漠, 2018, 38(2): 384-392.
[11] 吕安琪, 鹿化煜, 曾琳, 弋双文, 卓海昕, 徐志伟, 张文超. 1.08 Ma以来中国东北赤峰地区黄土粒度变化及其揭示的沙地扩张事件[J]. 中国沙漠, 2017, 37(4): 659-665.
[12] 张定海, 李新荣, 张鹏. 生态水文阈值在中国沙区人工植被生态系统管理中的意义[J]. 中国沙漠, 2017, 37(4): 678-688.
[13] 盛阳, 杨胜利, 韩永翔, 郑秋凤, 方小敏. 格尔木地区沙尘气溶胶硝酸盐含量及来源[J]. 中国沙漠, 2016, 36(3): 792-797.
[14] 张仁平, 冯琦胜, 郭靖, 尚振艳, 梁天刚. 2000-2012年中国北方草地NDVI和气候因子时空变化[J]. 中国沙漠, 2015, 35(5): 1403-1412.
[15] 赵光平, 姜旭, 马丽. 1960-2009年中国西北地区东部低层风切变对雨日的控制作用及其在不同季节的降水效率[J]. 中国沙漠, 2015, 35(5): 1275-1282.