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中国沙漠  2018, Vol. 38 Issue (1): 111-116    DOI: 10.7522/j.issn.1000-694X.2017.00073
生物与土壤     
腾格里沙漠东南缘生物土壤结皮对土壤理化性质的影响
都军1,2, 李宜轩3, 杨晓霞4, 李云飞1,2, 马晓俊1,2
1. 中国科学院西北生态环境资源研究院 沙坡头沙漠研究试验站, 甘肃 兰州 730000;
2. 中国科学院大学, 北京 101408;
3. 沈阳农业大学 农学院, 辽宁 沈阳 110866;
4. 甘肃农业大学 林学院, 甘肃 兰州 730070
Effects of Biological Soil Crusts Types on Soil Physicochemical Properties in the Southeast Fringe of the Tengger Desert
Du Jun1,2, Li Yixuan3, Yang Xiaoxia4, Li Yunfei1,2, Ma Xiaojun1,2
1. Shapotou Desert Research and Experiment Station, Northwest Institute of Eco-Environment and Resources, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China;
2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 101408, China;
3. College of Agriculture, Shenyang Agricultural University, Shenyang, 110866;
4. College of Forestry, Gansu Agricultural University, Lanzhou 730070, China
 全文: PDF(3054 KB)  
摘要: 生物土壤结皮是荒漠生态系统地表景观的重要组成部分,在沙化土地恢复和流沙固定中起着重要作用。研究了腾格里沙漠东南缘固沙植被区不同类型生物土壤结皮理化性质及结皮发育对下层土壤性质的影响。结果表明:结皮层厚度、孔隙度、黏粉粒和田间持水量以及有机碳、无机碳、全氮、碱解氮、速效磷、速效钾含量和电导率均表现为藓类结皮 > 混生结皮 > 地衣结皮 > 藻类结皮;砂粒含量和容重表现为藻类结皮 > 地衣结皮> 混生结皮 > 藓类结皮。结皮下0~2 cm和2~5 cm土层理化性质表现出与结皮层相同的变化规律。总体上,生物土壤结皮对下层土壤理化性质的影响表现为藓类结皮和混生结皮大于地衣结皮和藻类结皮;而结皮对下层土壤理化性质的影响随土壤深度的增加而减小。生物土壤结皮的拓殖和发育是荒漠生态系统成土过程和土壤质量的关键影响因素。
关键词: 生物土壤结皮表层土壤理化性质固沙植被区腾格里沙漠    
Abstract: Biological Soil Crusts (BSCs) are a critical part of the surface landscape in desert ecosystem, and play a key role in the recovery of desertified land and the fixation moving-dune. The physicochemical properties of BSCs and their respective subsoils in the revegetation area of the southeast margin in the Tengger desert were investigated, and the effects of BSCs on subsoil were analyzed. The results indicated that:the thickness, porosity, silt and clay content, field water holding capacity and the concentrations of organic carbon, inorganic carbon, total nitrogen, available nitrogen, available phosphorus, available potassium and electronic conductivity of crusts layer were moss crust > mixed crust > lichen crust > algae crust, while sand content and bulk density were moss crust < mixed crust < lichen crust < algae crust. The physicochemical properties of the 0-2 cm and 2-5 cm soil layers below crusts showed the same patterns. In general, the effects of moss crust and mixed crusts on their subsoil were greater than those of lichens and algae crusts; the influence of crusts on subsoils decreased with the increase of soil depth. Our results suggest that the colonization and development of BSCs are the key factors thataffect soil formation and soil quality in desert ecosystem.
Key words: biological soil crusts    topsoils    physicochemical properties    sand fixation vegetation area    Tengger Desert
收稿日期: 2017-05-17 出版日期: 2018-01-20
:  S154  
基金资助: 国家自然科学基金项目(41530746,41671111)
作者简介: 都军(1992-),女,山东威海人,硕士研究生,主要从事干旱区土壤生态学研究。E-mail:dujun779@163.com
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引用本文:

都军, 李宜轩, 杨晓霞, 李云飞, 马晓俊. 腾格里沙漠东南缘生物土壤结皮对土壤理化性质的影响[J]. 中国沙漠, 2018, 38(1): 111-116.

Du Jun, Li Yixuan, Yang Xiaoxia, Li Yunfei, Ma Xiaojun. Effects of Biological Soil Crusts Types on Soil Physicochemical Properties in the Southeast Fringe of the Tengger Desert. JOURNAL OF DESERT RESEARCH, 2018, 38(1): 111-116.

链接本文:

http://119.78.100.150/zgsm/CN/10.7522/j.issn.1000-694X.2017.00073        http://119.78.100.150/zgsm/CN/Y2018/V38/I1/111

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