中国沙漠 ›› 2019, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (4): 212-219.DOI: 10.7522/j.issn.1000-694X.2019.00043

• • 上一篇    


王新源1,2,3, 刘世增1,2,3, 陈翔舜2,3, 王小军2,3, 王彬2,3, 万翔1   

  1. 1. 甘肃省治沙研究所, 甘肃 兰州 730070;
    2. 甘肃省生态环境监测监督管理局, 甘肃 兰州 730020;
    3. 甘肃省林业调查规划院, 甘肃 兰州 730020
  • 收稿日期:2019-04-12 修回日期:2019-06-24 出版日期:2019-07-20 发布日期:2019-07-12
  • 通讯作者: 刘世增(
  • 作者简介:王新源(1984-),男,甘肃兰州人,高级工程师,博士,主要从事恢复生态学、荒漠化防治方面的研究。
  • 基金资助:

Dynamic Changes and Driving Factors of Oasis in Hexi Corridor

Wang Xinyuan1,2,3, Liu Shizeng1,2,3, Chen Xiangshun2,3, Wang Xiaojun2,3, Wang Bin2,3, Wan Xiang1   

  1. 1. Gansu Desert Control Research Institute, Lanzhou 730070, China;
    2. Ecological Environmental Supervision and Administration Bureau of Gansu Province, Lanzhou 730020, China;
    3. Gansu Institute of Forestry Survey and Planning, Lanzhou 730020, China
  • Received:2019-04-12 Revised:2019-06-24 Online:2019-07-20 Published:2019-07-12

摘要: 绿洲是干旱区脆弱生态体系中由人类活动与自然因素综合作用形成的、能够为人类生存与发展提供物源基础和生态服务功能的重要地理单元,其动态变化能够反映区域内生态、经济以及社会的演替方向。以第四次和第五次全国荒漠化和沙化监测数据为基础,结合同期气象与人类活动数据,应用转移矩阵与灰色关联度分析法,分析了河西走廊绿洲土地利用类型的转移规律和环境因素对绿洲动态变化的影响程度。结果表明:(1)研究时段内,河西走廊绿洲内部土地利用类型动态转移明显,相互间转化剧烈的地类包括耕地、居民工矿交通用地、有林地、灌木林地和草地;(2)河西走廊5个地级行政区绿洲面积均呈增加趋势,增加幅度最大的为嘉峪关市(51.97%),最小的为武威市(3.68%);(3)驱动河西走廊5个地级行政区绿洲面积动态变化的主导因子与农耕产业关系密切,预示河西走廊水资源利用与农业生产效率仍需提高。

关键词: 河西走廊, 绿洲, 灰色关联度分析, 环境因素

Abstract: Oasis is an important geographical unit that is formed by the combination of human activities and natural factors in a fragile ecosystem of arid regions, which has certain ecological service functions and can provide a material basis for human survival and development, and its dynamic changes can reflect the direction of succession in ecology, economy and society within the region. Based on the fourth and fifth national desertification and sandification monitoring data and combined with the meteorological and human activity data, our study used the transfer matrix and the grey correlation analysis method to analyze the transfer law of land use types in the Hexi Corridor oasis and explore the impact of environmental factors on the dynamic changes of oasis. The results showed that:the leading factors driving the dynamic change of the oasis area in the five prefecture-level administrative regions of the Hexi Corridor are closely related to the farming industry, indicating that the water use and agricultural production efficiency of the Hexi Corridor still needs to be further improved.

Key words: Hexi Corridor, oasis, grey correlation analysis, environmental factors